Chen-Yuan Wen

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Recent studies have shown that (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), one of the green tea polyphenols, has a potent antioxidant property. Nitric oxide (NO) plays an important role in the neuropathogenesis induced by brain ischemia/reperfusion and hypoxia. This study aimed to explore the potential neuroprotective effect of EGCG on the ganglionic neurons of(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate reactive changes of astrocytes and Müller glial cells in rats subjected to kainate treatment, which leads to neuronal degeneration in the ganglion cell layer and the inner border of the inner nuclear layer as confirmed by labelling with Fluoro-Jade B, a marker for degenerating neurons and fibres. Both the astrocytes(More)
Excessive production of nitric oxide (NO) may play a detrimental role in the process of hypoxia-related neuropathology. This study explored whether treatment with melatonin would attenuate the neuropathological changes in the vagal ganglia following a severe hypoxic insult. Thirty minutes prior to hypoxia treatment, young adult rats were pre-treated with(More)
This study reports the reactivities of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) in some of the nonneuronal elements in the external cuneate nucleus (ECN) of gerbils. AChE reaction products were localized in some oligodendrocytes in their cisternae of rough endoplasmic reticulum, nuclear envelope and Golgi saccules. The basal lamina(More)
In this study we investigate temporal changes in Fos expression in cuneate neurons after a high-threshold electrical stimulation of the transected median nerve in rats. Two hours after injury of the median nerve when given electrical stimulation, c-Fos-immunoreactive (c-Fos-IR) cells were barely detected in the ipsilateral cuneate nucleus (CN). A few(More)
Excessive production of nitric oxide (NO) might have detrimental effects on the hypoxia-related neuropathology. This study aimed to test if mild hypoxic preconditioning (MHPC) would attenuate the pathological changes in the brainstem motoneurons having a different functional component after peripheral nerve crush injury (PNCI). Prior to PNCI treatment,(More)
We employed a double injury model (axotomy along with hypoxia) to determine how nerve injury and hypoxic insult would affect the expression of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) in the hypoglossal nucleus (HN) and nucleus ambiguus (NA). Adult rats were subjected to unilateral vagus and hypoglossal nerve transection,(More)
This study aimed to elucidate whether melatonin would exert beneficial effects on the neuronal functions of the nodose ganglion (NG) following acute hypoxic insult. The cytochrome oxidase (COX) and the nicotinamine adenine dinucleotide phosphate diaphorase (NADPH-d) histochemistry along with the nitric oxide synthase (NOS) immunofluorescence were used to(More)
The genesis of the cuneothalamic neurons (CTNs) in the rat cuneate nucleus was determined by a double-labeling method using 5′-bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU), the thymidine analogue, and Fluoro-Gold (FG), a retrograde fluorescent tracer. BrdU-positive cells were observed in the cuneate nucleus in all rats receiving BrdU injection at embryonic days (E) E13–E16;(More)
Nitric oxide may serve as a neuronal messenger in the regulation of cardiorespiratory function via the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor-mediated neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) activation. Since hypoxic stress would drastically influence the cardiorespiratory function, the present study aimed to examine if the expression of nNOS and NMDA receptor(More)