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The present study describes the response of amoeboid and ramified microglial cells in the corpus callosum to intraperitoneal lipopolysaccharide injections in postnatal rats as examined by lectin histochemical staining and electron microscopy. In 1 day old rats receiving endotoxin injections and sacrificed at various time intervals, the lectin labelling of(More)
The present study examined the expression of different antigens in amoeboid microglial cells (AMC) in fetal rat brain extending from 12 to 20 d postconception (E12-E20) using a panel of monoclonal antibodies which recognised the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I (OX-18) and class II (OX-6) antigens, leucocyte common antigen (OX-1), CD4 receptor(More)
This study examined NADPH-d and nNOS expression in the SCG of hamsters. By light microscopy, numerous NADPH-d/NOS positive processes were widely distributed in the ganglion. Ultrastructurally, the NADPH-d reaction product was associated with the membranous organelles of neuronal soma, dendrites, myelinated fibres, small granular cells, and axon profiles(More)
The morphometric and quantitative changes associated with the differentiation of amoeboid microglia into ramified microglial cells in the corpus callosum of rats between 21 d postconception (E21) and 15 d postnatally are described. Using lectin labelling, 5 morphological types of labelled cells (R, SP, KLP, TLP, AP) based on cell body shape, the(More)
The distribution of various morphological forms of microglia stained with lectin in different regions of postnatal rat brain was examined in 2 planes of section, coronal and sagittal. In the coronal sections (mediolateral plane) taken at the level of the optic chiasma, the lectin-labelled cells were examined in the gustatory (GU), lateral somatosensory(More)
Oxidative stress and massive production of nitric oxide (NO) have been implicated in the neuropathogenesis following peripheral nerve injury. This study was aimed to ascertain whether melatonin would exert its neuroprotective effect on the lesioned hypoglossal neurons after peripheral axotomy, since it is known to reduce the oxidative damage in a variety of(More)
Immuno-electron microscopy specifically enhanced with silver staining has been used to demonstrate the localization of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) in the ependymocytes of the hamster subcommissural organ (SCO). Hamster SCO consists of the ependymal and hypendymal cell layers, the latter being arranged as rosette-like structure across the(More)
The present study described an ultrastructural synaptic configurations between primary afferent terminals (PATs), cuneothalamic relay neurons (CTNs) and GABA-immunoreactive (GABA-IR) boutons in the cuneate nucleus of rats using cervicothoracic dorsal rhizotomies, retrograde transport of wheat germ agglutinin conjugated with horseradish peroxidase complex(More)
This study was aimed to clarify whether the cuneothalamic relay neurons (CTNs) in the rat cuneate nucleus contained glycine or whether the neurons were modulated directly by presynaptic glycine-IR terminals. For this purpose, retrograde transport of wheat germ agglutinin conjugated with horseradish peroxidase (WGA-HRP) and immunoperoxidase labelling for(More)
The present study describes the ultrastructural localization and labelling pattern of lectin in different microglial cell phenotypes in the postnatal rat brain using the isolectin, GSA I-B4. The nascent round and amoeboid microglial cells (round cells and cells displaying short processes) were labelled at their cytoplasmic membrane and the membrane of the(More)