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BACKGROUND Various pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic approaches have been applied to reduce sublesional bone loss after spinal cord injury (SCI), and the results are inconsistent across the studies. The objective of this meta-analysis was to investigate whether the two most-studied interventions, bisphosphonate analogues and functional electrical(More)
BACKGROUND The ageing process may lead to reductions in physical fitness, a known risk factor in the development of metabolic syndrome. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate cross-sectional and combined associations of metabolic syndrome with body composition and physical fitness in a community based geriatric population. METHODS A total of 628(More)
Compared with the upper limbs, sonographic tracking of peripheral nerves in the lower limbs is more challenging. The overlying muscles are larger, hindering visualization of the deeply embedded nerves by using a linear transducer. The use of a curvilinear transducer-providing an extended view with better penetration for the field of interest-may be useful(More)
BACKGROUNDS Pathology of the long head biceps tendon (LHBT) is associated with rotator cuff tears but whether the LHBT texture changes following supraspinatus tendon full thickness tear (SSFT) can be detected at the extra-articular segment remains unknown. This cross-sectional study aimed to explore the morphological differences of the LHBT in shoulders(More)
Imaging of the nerves in the cervical region is more complicated than those of the extremities. Although high-resolution ultrasound enables the depiction of peripheral nerves' morphology and their associations with the adjacent soft tissues, precise identification of the nerves in the neck is still challenging. Familiarization with the cervical nerve(More)
BACKGROUND Increasing evidence has supported the use of dextrose prolotherapy for patients with osteoarthritis. However, the real benefits may be affected by differences in injection protocols, comparative regimens, and evaluation scales. METHODS PubMed and Scopus were searched from the earliest record until February 2016. One single-arm study and five(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the efficacy of autologous blood-derived products (ABPs), CSs and shock-wave (SW) therapy in the treatment of plantar fasciitis. METHODS Electronic databases were searched for studies that compared ABPs, CSs and SW therapy for the treatment of plantar fasciitis, published up to June 2014. The primary and secondary outcomes were(More)
The pertinent literature lacks overt technical data for optimal upper limb muscle botulinum toxin injections using ultrasound (US) imaging. Therefore, this guide is prepared for the commonly injected muscles of the upper limb and the shoulder girdle mainly in spasticity. It includes clinical information, anatomical description and explanation regarding the(More)
The Continuity Assessment Record and Evaluation (CARE) item set is a standardized, integrative scale for evaluation of functional status across acute and postacute care (PAC) providers. The aim of this study was to develop a Chinese version of the CARE (CARE-C) item set and to examine its reliability and validity for assessment of functional outcomes among(More)