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The activation of Ras by the guanine nucleotide-exchange factor Son of sevenless (Sos) constitutes the rate-limiting step in the transduction process that links receptor tyrosine kinases to Ras-triggered intracellular signalling pathways. A prerequisite for the function of Sos in this context is its ligand-dependent membrane recruitment, and the prevailing(More)
The RTK-Ras-ERK cascade is a central signaling module implicated in the control of diverse biological processes including cell proliferation, differentiation, and survival. The coupling of RTK to Ras is mediated by the Ras-specific nucleotide-exchange factor Son of Sevenless (Sos), which activates Ras by inducing the exchange of GDP for GTP . Considerable(More)
Noonan syndrome is a developmental disorder characterized by short stature, facial dysmorphia, congenital heart defects and skeletal anomalies. Increased RAS-mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling due to PTPN11 and KRAS mutations causes 50% of cases of Noonan syndrome. Here, we report that 22 of 129 individuals with Noonan syndrome without PTPN11(More)
Two highly conserved mechanisms for maintaining cellular homeostasis are apoptosis and the cellular stress response. Hsp90 is one of the most abundant, highly conserved, and inducible Hsps in eukaryotes. Recently, Hsp90 has been shown to play important antiapoptotic roles through binding with Apaf-1, RIP and kinase domain of IKKalpha/beta. Our present(More)
PURPOSE Elevated phospholipase D (PLD) activity provides a survival signal in several human cancer cell lines and suppresses apoptosis when cells are subjected to the stress of serum withdrawal. Thus, targeting PLD survival signals has potential to suppress survival in cancer cells that depend on PLD for survival. Honokiol is a compound that suppresses(More)
The 90-kDa heat shock protein, HSP90, is an abundant molecular chaperone which functions in cellular homeostasis in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. It is well known that HSP90 plays a critical and indispensable role in regulating cell growth through modulations of various signal transduction pathways, but its roles in cell cycle control are not so well known.(More)
This paper investigates the feasibility of collecting viable biometric electrocardiogram (ECG) signals from fingertips. A system for biometric recognition on handheld electronic devices is proposed and analyzed from a flexibility and a permanence point of view. The recognition algorithm is based on the previously proposed Autocorrelation/ Linear(More)
We previously characterized the G60A mutant of Ras and showed that the switch regions of the GTP-bound but not the GDP-bound form of this mutant adopt an "open conformation" similar to that seen in nucleotide-free Ras. Here, we mutate Lys147 of the conserved (145)SAK(147) motif in the G60A background and characterize the resulting double mutant (DM). We(More)
Branching morphogenesis is thought to be governed by epithelial-stromal interactions, but the mechanisms underlying specification of branch location remain largely unknown. Prompted by the striking absence of Hedgehog (Hh) response at the sites of nascent buds in regenerating tubules of the adult prostate, we investigated the role of Hh signalling in adult(More)
Binding of the Hedgehog (Hh) protein signal to its receptor, Patched, induces accumulation of the seven-pass transmembrane protein Smoothened (Smo) within the primary cilium and of the zinc finger transcription factor Gli2 at the ciliary tip, resulting ultimately in Gli-mediated changes in nuclear gene expression. However, the mechanism by which pathway(More)