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As technology advances, the metal width decreases while the global wire length increases. This trend makes the resistance of the power wire increase substantially. Further, the threshold voltage scales nonlinearly, raising the ratio of the threshold voltage to the supply voltage and making the voltage (IR) drop in the power/ground (P/G) network a serious(More)
As technology advances, the metal width decreases while the global wire length increases. This trend makes the resistance of the power wire increase substantially. Furthermore, the threshold voltage scales nonlinearly, raising the ratio of the threshold voltage to the supply voltage and making the voltage (IR) drop in the power/ground (P/G) network a(More)
Examinee-selected item (ESI) design, in which examinees are required to respond to a fixed number of items in a given set, always yields incomplete data (i.e., when only the selected items are answered, data are missing for the others) that are likely non-ignorable in likelihood inference. Standard item response theory (IRT) models become infeasible when(More)
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