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Neuropathology involving TAR DNA binding protein-43 (TDP-43) has been identified in a wide spectrum of neurodegenerative diseases collectively named as TDP-43 proteinopathy, including amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal lobar dementia (FTLD). To test whether increased expression of wide-type human TDP-43 (hTDP-43) may cause neurotoxicity(More)
High-resolution microscopy in conjunction with colloidal gold-labeled insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) has been used to provide evidence that the IGF-I receptor is first detected in 8-cell-stage mouse embryos, confirming the results of previous reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) studies. Specificity for the IGF-I receptor was(More)
beta-Asarone has significant pharmacological effects on the central nervous system. As a potential therapeutic agent to manage brain diseases, analysis of the pharmacokinetics of beta-asarone in brain is necessary. We used cardio-perfusion method to exclude the beta-asarone in the brain blood. The brain was divided into five regions: hippocampus, cortex,(More)
An isoflavone conjugates hydrolyzing beta-glucosidase (ICHG) from endophytic bacterium, Pseudomonas ZD-8 was purified to homogeneity by successive ammonium sulfate precipitation, gel filtration on SephadexG-100, DEAE-sephrose CL-6B and DEAE-Sephacel chromatography. The enzyme was a monomeric protein with an apparent molecular mass of 33 kDa as determined by(More)
BACKGROUND The use of large doses of opioid analgesics to treat pain after cardiac surgery can prolong the time to tracheal extubation and interfere with recovery of bowel and bladder function in the postoperative period. Therefore, the authors investigated the efficacy of a continuous infusion of bupivacaine 0.25% or 0.5%, at the median sternotomy site,(More)
BACKGROUND We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to address the (added) value of intraoperative 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA)-guided resection of high-grade malignant gliomas compared with conventional neuronavigation-guided resection, with respect to diagnostic accuracy, extent of tumor resection, safety, and survival. METHODS AND FINDINGS(More)
Notch signaling has been demonstrated to have a central role in cancer stem-like cells (CSLCs) in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). We have recently demonstrated the inhibitory effect of arsenic trioxide (ATO) on CSLCs in glioblastoma cell lines. In this study we used neurosphere recovery assay that measured neurosphere formation at three time points to assess(More)
MicroRNAs are single-stranded small non-coding RNA molecules which regulate mammalian cell growth, differentiation, and apoptosis by altering the expression of other genes and play a role in tumor genesis and progression. MiR-106a is upregulated in several types of malignancies and provides a pro-tumorigenic effect. However, its role in glioma is largely(More)
Currently, antidepressants are the dominative treatment for depression, but they have limitations in efficacy and may even produce troublesome side effects. Electroacupuncture (EA) has been reported to have therapeutic benefits in the treatment of depressive disorders. The present study was conducted to determine whether EA could enhance the antidepressant(More)
PURPOSE To assess the feasibility of the grating-based phase-contrast imaging (GPI) technique for studying tumor angiogenesis in nude BALB/c mice, without contrast agents. METHODS We established lung metastatic models of human gastric cancer by injecting the moderately differentiated SGC-7901 gastric cancer cell line into the tail vein of nude mice.(More)