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By means of CM-Sephadex C-50 column chromatography, Trimeresurus mucrosquamatus venom was separated into twenty fractions. The fibrinogenolytic activity was concentrated in Fractions 8, 10, 12, 13 and 14. Fractions 8 adn 13 had the highest ratio of fibrinogenolytic and caseinolytic activities. Fraction 8 possessed tosyl-L-arginine methyl esterase activity,(More)
The antioxidant properties of prenylflavones, isolated from Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam., was evaluated in this study. Among them, artocarpine, artocarpetin, artocarpetin A, and cycloheterophyllin diacetate and peracetate had no effect on iron-induced lipid peroxidation in rat brain homogenate. They also did not scavenge the stable free radical(More)
YC-1 is a newly developed agent that inhibits platelet aggregation and vascular contraction. Although its effects are independent of nitric oxide (NO), it mimics some of the biological actions of NO. For example, it stimulates soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) and increases intracellular cGMP concentration. Here, we tested the possibility that YC-1 inhibits(More)
YC-1 [3-(5'-hydroxymethyl-2'-furyl)-1-benzylindazole] inhibited the aggregation of and ATP release from washed rabbit platelets induced by arachidonic acid (AA), collagen, U46619, platelet-activating factor (PAF), and thrombin in a concentration-dependent manner. YC-1 also disaggregated the clumped platelets caused by these inducers. The thromboxane B2(More)
The purpose of this investigation was to determine the antiplatelet mechanism of gingerol. Gingerol concentration-dependently (0.5-20 microM) inhibited the aggregation and release reaction of rabbit washed platelets induced by arachidonic acid and collagen, but not those induced by platelet-activating factor (PAF), U46619 (9,11-dideoxy-9 alpha,11(More)
The inhibitory effects of five flavonoids on the aggregation and secretion of platelets were studied. These flavonoids inhibited markedly platelet aggregation and ATP release of rabbit platelets induced by arachidonic acid or collagen, and slightly those by platelet-activating factor. ADP-induced platelet aggregation was also suppressed by myricetin,(More)
N-Allylsecoboldine was evaluated for antioxidant properties by studying its ability to react with relevant reactive oxygen species, and its protective effect on human erythrocytes under oxidative stress. Using brain homogenates, we found that N-allylsecoboldine dose dependently inhibited lipid peroxidation (IC50 = 4.80 +/- 0.16 microM) and markedly(More)
Interaction of fibrinogen with its receptors (glycoprotein IIb/IIIa complex) on platelet membranes leads to platelet aggregation. By means of gel filtration, CM-Sephadex C-50, and reverse-phase HPLC, an antiplatelet peptide, gabonin, was purified from the venom of Bitis gabonica. The purified protein migrates as a 21,100-Da polypeptide on sodium dodecyl(More)
Fourteen aristolochic acid derivatives: ariskanins A-E, 3-hydroxy-4-methoxy-10-nitrophenanthrene-1-carboxylic acid methyl ester, aristolochic acid-II methyl ester, aristolochic acid-IV methyl ester, aristolochic acid-C, -I, -II, -III, -IV, -IVa; nine aristolactam alkaloids: aristolactam, aristolactam-AII, -BIII, -AIII, -III, cepharanone-A,(More)