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OBJECTIVES Recent genome-wide association studies have identified a number of variants influencing blood pressure. We aimed to examine whether these associations can be replicated in Chinese. METHODS We genotyped eight of these variants (in or near FGF5, CYP17A1, MTHFR, ZNF652, PLCD3, ATP2B1, c10orf107) in a population-based cohort of Chinese Hans (N =(More)
Multiprocessor system-on-chip (MPSoC) platforms face some of the most demanding security concerns, as they process, store, and communicate sensitive information using third-party intellectual property (3PIP) cores. The complexity of MPSoC makes it expensive and time consuming to fully analyze and test during the design stage. This has given rise to the(More)
Understanding serotonergic (5-HT) signaling is critical for understanding human physiology, behavior, and neuropsychiatric disease. 5-HT mediates its actions via ionotropic and metabotropic 5-HT receptors. The 5-HT(1A) receptor is a metabotropic G protein-coupled receptor linked to the G(i/o) signaling pathway and has been specifically implicated in the(More)
Transcriptional cascades are required for the specification of serotonin (5-HT) neurons and behaviors modulated by 5-HT. Several cascade factors are expressed throughout the lifespan, which suggests that their control of behavior might not be temporally restricted to programming normal numbers of 5-HT neurons. We used new mouse conditional targeting(More)
Interleukin-1 (IL-1) plays an important role in the inflammatory process. Some studies have demonstrated that IL-1 production was impaired in patients with chronic infections of hepatitis C virus (HCV), implying that IL-1 may play a role in viral clearance. Using an HCV subgenomic replicon cell line, we demonstrate that IL-1 can effectively inhibit HCV(More)
The CD4(+)CD25(+) regulatory T lymphocytes have been implicated in suppressing T cell immune responses. Our aim was to characterize the frequency, phenotype, function, and specificity of CD4(+)CD25(+) T cells in hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Peripheral CD4(+)CD25(+) cells from recovered (n = 15), chronic infected (n = 30), and normal control (n = 15)(More)
The tumor microenvironment of colorectal carcinoma is a complex community of genomically altered cancer cells, nonneoplastic cells, and a diverse collection of microorganisms. Each of these components may contribute to carcinogenesis; however, the role of the microbiota is the least well understood. We have characterized the composition of the microbiota in(More)
BACKGROUND Although a high neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been reported to be a predictor of poor survival in patients with pancreatic cancers, its prognostic role in patients with advanced pancreatic cancer undergoing chemotherapy remains unclear. This study was performed to determine the prognostic role of NLR in patients with advanced(More)
Graft-versus-leukemia (GVL) response after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) represents one of the most potent forms of immunotherapy against malignant diseases. Antigen-presenting cells (APCs) are crucial for the induction of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), the most serious complication of allogeneic BMT, but their role in GVL responses is(More)
Little is known about the maintenance of intestinal stem cells (ISCs) and progenitors during immune-mediated tissue damage or about the susceptibility of transplant recipients to tissue damage mediated by the donor immune system during graft versus host disease (GVHD). We demonstrate here that deficiency of recipient-derived IL-22 increased acute GVHD(More)