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Despite a growing understanding of the link between intestinal inflammation and resident gut microbes, longitudinal studies of human flora before initial onset of intestinal inflammation have not been reported. Here, we demonstrate in murine and human recipients of allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) that intestinal inflammation secondary to(More)
BACKGROUND The use of cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) in F1 hybrid seed production of chili pepper is increasingly popular. However, the molecular mechanisms of cytoplasmic male sterility and fertility restoration remain poorly understood due to limited transcriptomic and genomic data. Therefore, we analyzed the difference between a CMS line 121A and its(More)
Common variants in KCNQ1 have recently been reported to be associated with type 2 diabetes in East Asians. We aimed to examine whether these common variants (rs2074196, rs2237892, rs2237895 and rs2237897) were also associated with type 2 diabetes in a population-based cohort of 3210 Chinese Hans and to explore the underlying mechanisms. The SNPs rs2237892,(More)
OBJECTIVES Recent genome-wide association studies have identified a number of variants influencing blood pressure. We aimed to examine whether these associations can be replicated in Chinese. METHODS We genotyped eight of these variants (in or near FGF5, CYP17A1, MTHFR, ZNF652, PLCD3, ATP2B1, c10orf107) in a population-based cohort of Chinese Hans (N =(More)
Little is known about the maintenance of intestinal stem cells (ISCs) and progenitors during immune-mediated tissue damage or about the susceptibility of transplant recipients to tissue damage mediated by the donor immune system during graft versus host disease (GVHD). We demonstrate here that deficiency of recipient-derived IL-22 increased acute GVHD(More)
Recent studies have identified common variants in or near GC, CYP2R1 and NADSYN1/DHCR7 to be associated with 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] levels in European populations. We aimed to examine whether these variants also influence 25(OH)D levels in Chinese. Seven common variants were successfully genotyped and tested for associations with plasma 25(OH)D(More)
Chromatin remodeling, particularly histone acetylation, plays a critical role in the progression of pathological cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure. We hypothesized that curcumin, a natural polyphenolic compound abundant in the spice turmeric and a known suppressor of histone acetylation, would suppress cardiac hypertrophy through the disruption of p300(More)
Multiprocessor system-on-chip (MPSoC) platforms face some of the most demanding security concerns, as they process, store, and communicate sensitive information using third-party intellectual property (3PIP) cores. The complexity of MPSoC makes it expensive and time consuming to fully analyze and test during the design stage. This has given rise to the(More)
Alloantigen expression on host antigen-presenting cells (APCs) is essential to initiate graft-versus-host disease (GvHD); therefore, alloantigen expression on host target epithelium is also thought to be essential for tissue damage. We tested this hypothesis in mouse models of GvHD using bone-marrow chimeras in which either major histocompatibility complex(More)