Chen-Liang Chou

Learn More
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the therapeutic effect of extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) in shoulders with chronic calcific tendinitis, to compare the functional outcomes of ESWT and transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation (TENS) therapy, and to investigate which types of calcium deposit effectively respond to ESWT. DESIGN Randomized controlled trial.(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Although there has been extensive research on the effectiveness of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) to improve patients' motor performance after experiencing chronic stroke, explicit findings on the coupling of different rTMS protocols are meager. We designed this sham-controlled randomized study to investigate the(More)
BACKGROUND Osteoarthritis (OA) is a major cause of musculoskeletal pain that causes morbidity, physical limitation, and poor quality of life. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the therapeutic effects of intra-articular (IA) injection of botulinum neurotoxin A (BoNT/A) for advanced knee OA. METHODS Twenty-four patients (38 knees) were enrolled, and(More)
Anti-agalactosyl IgG antibody (anti-Gal(0) IgG) has been regarded as a useful serological marker for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). It is unknown whether it is also elevated in serum and implicated in the pathogenesis of joint inflammation in seronegative spondyloarthropathy (SpA) such as ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA). Sera were(More)
Walking is a popular and easily accessible form of physical activity. However, walking instruction for older adults is based on the evidence gathered from younger populations. This study evaluated walking conditions, strength, balance, and subjective health status after a 12-week walking-training program in community-dwelling adults > 65-years-old.(More)
Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a disease with unclear pathophysiology. The condition is characterized by pain, soft tissue change, vasomotor change, and even psychosocial disturbance. It may affect the upper more than the lower extremities, and the distal more than the proximal. The trigger factors include carpal tunnel release, Dupuytren's(More)
Aerobic fitness is among the various aspects of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients’ lives that may deteriorate as a result of the disease and, in doing so, influence patient attitudes toward their own general health. This cross-sectional study examined (1) relationships between patients’ aerobic fitness and general health perceptions, (2) relationships(More)
BACKGROUND Intra-articular injection of hyaluronic acid (HA) is a well-documented treatment for knee osteoarthritis (OA). One of the multifactorial mechanisms is that exogenous HA can stimulate endogenous HA production. HA can regulate the growth and function of chondrocytes by binding to CD44 receptors on the chondrocytes. Synovitis is often found in(More)
BACKGROUND A delayed decrease in heart rate recovery (HRR) following a maximal exercise test is a predictor of mortality in healthy adults and in those referred for diagnostic testing evaluation. Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) has been proven to be beneficial in the treatment of numerous diseases. The purpose of this retrospective study was to explore the(More)
OBJECTIVE The purposes of this study were to compare the daily activity oxygen consumption (VO(2)) and peak oxygen consumption (VO(2peak)) for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients and healthy individuals; to compare dyspnea levels found in COPD patients and healthy individuals when they performed daily activities and exercise tests; and to(More)