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Glutamate transport is a primary mechanism for the synaptic inactivation of glutamate. Excitatory amino acid transporter 4 (EAAT4) is a novel glutamate transporter with properties of a ligand-gated chloride channel that was recently cloned from human brain. The present study was an investigation of the protein expression and cellular localization of EAAT4(More)
A rat dopamine (DA) transporter complementary DNA has been isolated with combined complementary DNA homology and expression approaches. The DA transporter is a 619-amino acid protein with 12 hydrophobic putative membrane-spanning domains and homology to the norepinephrine and gamma-aminobutyric acid transporters. The expressed complementary DNA confers(More)
Recently, variant mRNA transcripts for the astroglial glutamate transporter EAAT2 have been detected in brain tissues of 60% of patients with sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (SALS). We have tested the hypothesis that the gene for EAAT2 may be defective in some ALS cases. In 16 familial ALS (FALS) pedigrees without mutations in SOD1, we failed to(More)
Glutamate transport is a primary mechanism for the synaptic inactivation of glutamate. Excitatory amino acid transporter 4 (EAAT4) is a novel glutamate transporter with properties of a ligand-gated chloride channel that was recently cloned from human brain. Here we report the cloning of rat EAAT4 (rEAAT4) cDNA from rat cerebellum. The nucleotide sequence of(More)
Glioma remains one of the most lethal human tumors in spite of the progress in radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and surgical techniques. Cell differentiation agent-2 (CDA-2) is an extraction from healthy human urine consisting of primary organic acids and peptides, and it has been demonstrated to inhibit growth and induce differentiation in glioma and other cell(More)
The excitatory amino acid transporter EAAT4 is expressed predominantly in Purkinje neurons in the rat cerebellum (1-3), and it participates in postsynaptic reuptake of glutamate released at the climbing fiber synapse (4). Transporter-mediated currents in Purkinje neurons are increased more than 3-fold by arachidonic acid, a second messenger that is(More)
Malignant gliomas persist as a major disease responsible for high morbidity and mortality rates in adults. Differentiation therapy has emerged as a promising treatment modality. Phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN) gene function is commonly lost in primary gliomas, particularly in glioblastomas, and this is associated with tumor(More)
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