Chen-Kuei Chang

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Evidence has accumulated to suggest that systemic administration of lipopolysaccharide (LPS), in addition to elevating tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) as well as fever, induces overproduction of glutamate, hydroxyl radicals and prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) in the rabbit's hypothalamus. Current(More)
AIMS The role of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor delta (PPARdelta) in the development of cardiomyopathy, which is widely observed in diabetic disorders, is likely because cardiomyocyte-restricted PPARdelta deletion causes cardiac hypertrophy. Thus, we investigated the effect of hyperglycaemia-induced oxidative stress on the expression of cardiac(More)
This work proposes an acoustic scene change detection approach in the indoor space by reverberation. Speakers emit impulse signals periodicity. Sound waves are then influenced with objects, the floor, walls, and roofs, and generate corresponding reverberation. This reverberation can represent the characteristic of the indoor space, which is called acoustic(More)
The present study was carried out to further examine the mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO(2)) on experimental spinal cord injury (SCI). Rats were divided into three major groups: (1) sham operation (laminectomy only); (2) laminectomy + SCI + normobaric air (NBA; 21% oxygen at 1 ATA); and (3) laminectomy + SCI + HBO(2)(More)
Aim:To assess the therapeutic effect of melatonin on heat-induced acute lung inflammation and injury in rats.Methods:Heatstroke was induced by exposing anesthetized rats to heat stress (36 °C, 100 min). Rats were treated with vehicle or melatonin (0.2, 1, 5 mg/kg) by intravenous administration 100 min after the initiatioin of heatstroke and were allowed to(More)
The aims of the present paper were to ascertain whether the heat-induced ischemia and oxidative damage to the hypothalamus and lethality in mice could be ameliorated by hyperbaric oxygen therapy. When normobaric air-treated mice underwent heat treatment, the fractional survival and core temperature at 4 hours after heat stress were found to be 0 of 12 and(More)
In the present study, we attempted to assess the mechanisms underlying the neuroprotective effect of hypervolaemic haemodilution in rat heatstroke. In anaesthetized rats treated with normal saline (NS) immediately after the onset of heatstroke induced by T (a) (ambient temperature) of 42 degrees C for 88 min, followed by T (a) of 24 degrees C for 12 min,(More)
Hyperglycemia induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation is believed as major factors leading to diabetic nephropathy (DN). DangGui (Angelica sinensis) is mentioned to show renal protective effect in combination with other herbs. Bone morphogenetic proteins-7 (BMP-7) is produced merit in protection of DN. The role of BMP-7 in DangGui-induced renal(More)
When rats were exposed to high environmental temperature (e.g., 42 or 43 degrees C), hyperthermia, hypotension, and cerebral ischemia and damage occurred during heat stroke were associated with increased production of free radicals (specifically hydroxyl radicals and superoxide anions), higher lipid peroxidation, lower enzymatic antioxidant defenses, and(More)
The aim of present study was to examine whether systemically delivered glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) was beneficial in reversing the spinal cord injury (SCI) in a spinal cord compression model. Rats were divided into three major groups: (1) sham operation (laminectomy only); (2) laminectomy+SCI+normal saline (1 ml/kg, i.v.); (3)(More)