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Scientific codes are all subject to variation in performance depending on the runtime platform and/or configuration, the output writing API employed, and the file system for output. Since changing the IO routines to match the optimal or desired configuration for a given system can be costly in terms of human time and machine resources, the Adaptable IO(More)
BACKGROUND Somatostatin analogues are commonly used to treat symptoms associated with hormone hypersecretion in neuroendocrine tumors; however, data on their antitumor effects are limited. METHODS We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multinational study of the somatostatin analogue lanreotide in patients with advanced,(More)
The rapid disruption of tropical forests probably imperils global biodiversity more than any other contemporary phenomenon. With deforestation advancing quickly, protected areas are increasingly becoming final refuges for threatened species and natural ecosystem processes. However, many protected areas in the tropics are themselves vulnerable to human(More)
B-cell-specific Moloney murine leukemia virus insertion site 1 (BMI1) is a member of the polycomb group of transcriptional repressors. Until now, its expression and functional significance in pancreatic carcinogenesis was unknown. In the present study, we demonstrated that expression of BMI1 was markedly up-regulated in pancreatic cancer cell lines and(More)
It has been known that osteoclastogenesis is induced by extracellular acidosis-evoked the rise of intracellular calcium ([Ca(2+)]i), which regulate activation of the transcription factor nuclear factor of activated T cells c1 (NFATc1). However, the acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs) involved remain largely unknown. Here, we show that ASIC1a, ASIC1b, ASIC2a,(More)
Nitrification plays a central role in global nitrogen cycle, which is affected by interaction between soil microfauna and microorganisms. The impact of synchronized changes in nematodes and ammonia oxidizers within aggregate fractions on nitrification was investigated in an acid soil under 10-year manure application. Nematodes, ammonia oxidizers and(More)
ADIOS is a state of the art componentization of the IO system that has demonstrated impressive IO performance results on the Cray XT system at ORNL. ADIOS separates the selection and implementation of any particular IO routines from the scientific code offering unprecedented flexibility in the choices for processing and storing data. The API was modelled on(More)
When the orthogonal space-time block code (STBC), or the Alamouti code, is applied in multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) communication systems, with a simple signal decoupling at the receiver, the optimum reception can be achieved. However, in the military application fields the performance deteriorates significantly in presence of directional(More)
During the past years, great progress has been made in the field of nanomaterials given their great potential in biomedical applications. Carbon nanotubes (CNTs), due to their unique physicochemical properties, have become a popular tool in cancer diagnosis and therapy. They are considered one of the most promising nanomaterials with the capability of both(More)