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A 29 amino-acid peptide derived from the rabies virus glycoprotein (RVG29) was exploited as a ligand for efficient brain-targeting gene delivery. RVG29 was modified on polyamidoamine dendrimers (PAMAM) through bifunctional PEG, then complexed with DNA, yielding PAMAM-PEG-RVG29/DNA nanoparticles (NPs). The NPs were observed to be uptaken by brain capillary(More)
Angiopep targeting to the low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein-1 (LRP1) was identified to exhibit high transcytosis capacity and parenchymal accumulation. In this study, it was exploited as a ligand for effective brain-targeting gene delivery. Polyamidoamine dendrimers (PAMAM) were modified with angiopep through bifunctional PEG, then complexed(More)
PURPOSE Given that inhibitors of mitogen-activated protein (MAP)/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) kinase (MEK) are being introduced into treatment for melanoma, the present study was carried out to better understand the mechanism by which they may induce apoptosis of melanoma cells. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN A panel of human melanoma cell lines and(More)
Gene therapy offers a promising cure of brain glioma and tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is able to induce cell apoptosis of glioma selectively without affecting the normal cells. In this study, the nanoscopic high-branching dendrimer, polyamidoamine (PAMAM), was selected as the principal vector. Angiopep-2, which can target(More)
Osteoporosis (OP) is a major public health problem, mainly characterized by low bone mineral density (BMD). Circulating monocytes (CMCs) may serve as progenitors of osteoclasts and produce a wide variety of factors important to bone metabolism. However, the specific action mechanism of CMCs in the pathogenesis of OP is far from clear. We performed a(More)
PURPOSE To find out whether a correlation exists between the presence of epiphyseal scar within the femoral head and osteonecrosis at examination with magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 117 femoral heads in 60 patients were examined. Lipogenic factors (defined as either the use of steroid or alcohol abuse) were positive in(More)
Development of an efficient gene vector is a key-limiting factor of brain gene therapy. In this study, lactoferrin (Lf), for the first time, was investigated as a brain-targeting ligand in the design of polyamidoamine (PAMAM)-based non-viral gene vector to the brain. Using polyethyleneglycol (PEG) as a spacer, PAMAM-PEG-Lf was successfully synthesized. This(More)
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) poses great difficulties for gene delivery to the brain. To circumvent the BBB, we investigated a novel brain-targeting gene vector based on the nanoscopic high-branching dendrimer, polyamidoamine (PAMAM), in vitro and in vivo. Transferrin (Tf) was selected as a brain-targeting ligand conjugated to PAMAM via bifunctional(More)
Past studies have shown that amplified insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1)/IGF1 receptor (IGF1-R) signalling has an important role in colorectal cancer (CRC) development, progression and resistance to treatment. In this report, we demonstrate that downregulation of microRNA-497 (miR-497) as a result of DNA copy number reduction is involved in upregulation(More)
Gene therapy offers great potential for brain glioma. However, therapeutic genes could not reach glioma spontaneously. A glioma-targeting gene delivery system is highly desired to transfer exogenous genes throughout the tumor focus. In this study, the nanoscopic high-branching dendrimer, polyamidoamine (PAMAM), was selected as the main vector. Chlorotoxin(More)