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Inspired by the brain's structure, we have developed an efficient, scalable, and flexible non-von Neumann architecture that leverages contemporary silicon technology. To demonstrate, we built a 5.4-billion-transistor chip with 4096 neurosynaptic cores interconnected via an intrachip network that integrates 1 million programmable spiking neurons and 256(More)
The immobilized laccase on magnetic mesoporous silica nanoparticles has been developed for efficient phenol degradation. The degradation rate of phenol by the immobilized laccase was 2-fold higher than that of the free laccase, and the immobilized laccase retained 71.3% of its initial degradation ability after 10 successive batch treatments of coking(More)
A simple and rapid harvesting method by in situ magnetic separation with naked Fe(3)O(4) nanoparticles has been developed for the microalgal recovery of Botryococcus braunii and Chlorella ellipsoidea. After adding the magnetic particles to the microalgal culture broth, the microalgal cells were adsorbed and then separated by an external magnetic field. The(More)
In cognitive radio networks, the limitation of control channel bandwidth is a challenge of cooperative spectrum sensing when the number of cognitive users becomes very large. Clusterbased architecture is applied for cooperative sensing to avoid the congestion on control channel and reduce the sensing delay. In this paper, we propose a cluster-based(More)
Newly large-pore magnetic mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MMSNPs) with wormhole framework structures were synthesized for the first time by using tetraethyl orthosilicate as the silica source and amine-terminated Jeffamine surfactants as template. Iminodiacerate was attached on these MMSNPs through a silane-coupling agent and chelated with Cu(2+). The(More)
HOX (homeobox) genes encode a family of transcriptional regulators, which have an important role in morphogenesis and differentiation during embryonic development. Their deregulated expression is involved in the carcinogenesis of many human solid tumours. In the present study, we show that HOXB5 mRNA was significantly overexpressed in gastric cancer tissues(More)
In this paper, an integrated process involving the mixed ionic liquids/water two-phase system (MILWS) is proposed to improve the efficiency for enzymatic hydrolysis of penicillin G. First, hydrophilic [C4mim]BF4 (1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoraborate) and NaH2PO4 salt form an ionic liquids aqueous two-phase system (ILATPS), which could extract(More)
The mycelia of Trametes versicolor immobilized in alginate beads provided higher laccase production than that in pelleted form. An efficient ultrasonic treatment enhanced laccase production from the immobilized T. versicolor cultures. The optimized treatment process consisted of exposing 36-h-old bead cultures to 7-min ultrasonic treatments twice with a(More)
The acid effect on the aggregation of poly(ethylene oxide)-poly(propylene oxide)-poly(ethylene oxide) block copolymers EO(20)PO(70)EO(20) has been investigated by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), particle size analyzer (PSA), Fourier transformed infrared, and fluorescence spectroscopy. The critical micellization temperature for Pluronic P123 in(More)