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Axonal voltage-gated potassium (Kv1) channels regulate action-potential invasion and hence transmitter release. Although evolutionarily conserved, what mediates their axonal targeting is not known. We found that Kv1 axonal targeting required its T1 tetramerization domain. When fused to unpolarized CD4 or dendritic transferrin receptor, T1 promoted their(More)
At high ambient temperature, plants display dramatic stem elongation in an adaptive response to heat. This response is mediated by elevated levels of the phytohormone auxin and requires auxin biosynthesis, signaling, and transport pathways. The mechanisms by which higher temperature results in greater auxin accumulation are unknown, however. A basic(More)
Axonal Kv1 channels regulate action potential propagation-an evolutionarily conserved function important for the control of motor behavior as evidenced from the linkage of human Kv1 channel mutations to myokymia/episodic ataxia type 1 (EA1) and the Shaker mutant phenotype in Drosophila. To search for the machinery that mediates axonal targeting of Kv1(More)
Treatment with NGF causes long-term cultures of oligodendrocytes to die via a yet undefined mechanism mediated by the p75 neurotrophin receptor. The p75 receptor belongs to the TNF receptor superfamily of molecules, which includes Fas and p55 TNF receptors. The Fas and TNF receptors use adaptor molecules to recruit and activate caspase-8 to the receptor.(More)
Neurotrophins are target-derived soluble factors required for neuronal survival. Nerve growth factor (NGF) the founding member of the neurotrophin family, binds to two types of receptors: Trk tyrosine kinase and the p75 neurotrophin receptor, which belongs to the Fas-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor superfamily. Binding of neurotrophins to Trk receptor(More)
Most eukaryotic cells express small regulatory RNAs. The purpose of one class, the somatic endogenous siRNAs (endo-siRNAs), remains unclear. Here, we show that the endo-siRNA pathway promotes odor adaptation in C. elegans AWC olfactory neurons. In adaptation, the nuclear Argonaute NRDE-3, which acts in AWC, is loaded with siRNAs targeting odr-1, a gene(More)
The p75 receptor is the founding member of the TNF receptor superfamily. Members in this receptor family share a common cysteine motif repeated two to six times that serves as the ligand binding domain. In addition, several members contain a cytoplasmic region designated the death domain. The neurotrophins NGF, BDNF, NT-3, and NT-4 each bind to the p75(More)
Precise targeting of various voltage-gated ion channels to proper membrane domains is crucial for their distinct roles in neuronal excitability and synaptic transmission. How each channel protein is transported within the cytoplasm is poorly understood. Here, we report that KIF5/kinesin I transports Kv3.1 voltage-gated K(+) (Kv) channels through the axon(More)
Synaptic inputs received at dendrites are converted into digital outputs encoded by action potentials generated at the axon initial segment in most neurons. Here, we report that alternative splicing regulates polarized targeting of Kv3.1 voltage-gated potassium (Kv) channels to adjust the input-output relationship. The spiking frequency of cultured(More)
Adenylyl cyclases possess complex structures like those of the ATP binding cassette (ABC) transporter family, which includes the cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator, the P-glycoprotein, and ATP-sensitive K(+) channels [1-4]. These structures comprise a cytosolic N terminus followed by two tandem six-transmembrane cassettes, each associated with a highly(More)