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The effectiveness of ginseng in preventing and treating various central nervous system (CNS) diseases has been widely confirmed. However, ginsenosides, the principal components of ginseng, are characterized by poor accessibility to the brain, and this pharmacokinetic-pharmacological paradox remains poorly explained. Anti-inflammatory approaches are becoming(More)
Streptococcus suis (SS) is an important swine pathogen worldwide that occasionally causes serious infections in humans. SS infection may result in meningitis in pigs and humans. The pathogenic mechanisms of SS are poorly understood. Here, we provide the complete genome sequence of S. suis serotype 2 (SS2) strain SC070731 isolated from a pig with meningitis.(More)
Both donors and acceptors of communication-mediating (COM) domains are essential for coordinating intermolecular communication within nonribosomal peptides synthetases (NRPSs) complexes. Different sets of COM domains provide selectivity, allowing NRPSs to utilize different natural biosynthetic templates. In this study, novel lipopeptides were synthesized by(More)
CXCL14 is a chemokine with an atypical, yet highly conserved, primary structure characterized by a short N terminus and high sequence identity between human and mouse. Although it induces chemotaxis of monocytic cells at high concentrations, its physiological role in leukocyte trafficking remains elusive. In contrast, several studies have demonstrated that(More)
Classical swine fever (CSF) caused by virulent strains of Classical swine fever virus (CSFV) is a haemorrhagic disease of pigs, characterized by disseminated intravascular coagulation, thrombocytopoenia and immunosuppression, and the swine endothelial vascular cell is one of the CSFV target cells. In this report, we investigated the previously unknown(More)
Classical swine fever (CSF) caused by virulent strains of classical swine fever virus (CSFV) is a haemorrhagic disease of pigs, characterized by disseminated intravascular coagulation, thrombocytopenia and immunosuppression. The cell adhesion molecule, integrin beta3, plays a central role in maintaining and regulating vascular permeability. In view of the(More)
This study was to develop and evaluate a practical approach of mass defect filtering (MDF), a post-acquisition data processing technique, for the rapid classification of complicated peaks into well-known chemical families based on the exact mass acquired by high resolution mass spectrometry. The full-scan LC-MS/MS data of the Ophiopogon japonicus extract(More)
This study was to systematically investigate the effect of mobile phase additives, including ammonia water, formic acid, acetic acid, ammonium chloride and water (as a control), on qualitative and quantitative analysis of fifteen representative ginsenosides based on liquid chromatography hybrid quadrupole-time of flight mass spectrometry (LC-Q-TOF/MS). To(More)
To date, the pharmacokinetic research of herbal medicines (HMs) is still in its infancy and is facing critical technical challenges on the qualitative and quantitative analysis of complicated components from biological matrices. Additionally, the lack of authentic standards constitutes another bottleneck on assessing herbal pharmacokinetics. This present(More)
Quadrupole (Q) mass spectrometers are the most popular analytical tools due to their reliability, effectiveness, and low cost. However, they are not suitable for quantitative analysis of multi-component since the sensitivity will get worse rapidly with the increasing number of m/z detected. The present work, for the first time, attempted to analyze of 16(More)