Chelsea L. Organ

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For centuries, garlic has been shown to exert substantial medicinal effects and is considered to be one of the best disease-preventative foods. Diet is important in the maintenance of health and prevention of many diseases including cardiovascular disease (CVD). Preclinical and clinical evidence has shown that garlic reduces risks associated with CVD by(More)
The Aplysia feeding system with its high degree of plasticity and well characterized neuronal circuitry is well suited for investigations of memory formation. We used an operant paradigm, learning that food is inedible (LFI), to investigate the signaling pathways underlying intermediate-term memory (ITM) in Aplysia. During a single massed training session,(More)
The endogenous circadian clock is a principal factor modulating memory across species. Determining the processes through which the circadian clock modulates memory formation is a key issue in understanding and identifying mechanisms to improve memory. We used the marine mollusk Aplysia californica to investigate circadian modulation of intermediate-term(More)
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is a signaling molecule which plays regulatory roles in many physiological and/or pathological processes. Therefore, regulation of H2S levels could have great potential therapeutic value. In this work, we report the design, synthesis, and evaluation of a class of N-mercapto (N-SH)-based H2S donors. Thirty-three donors were synthesized(More)
BACKGROUND Zofenopril, a sulfhydrylated angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI), reduces mortality and morbidity in infarcted patients to a greater extent than do other ACEIs. Zofenopril is a unique ACEI that has been shown to increase hydrogen sulfide (H2S) bioavailability and nitric oxide (NO) levels via bradykinin-dependent signaling. Both H2S and(More)
BACKGROUND Trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO), a gut microbe-dependent metabolite of dietary choline and other trimethylamine-containing nutrients, is both elevated in the circulation of patients having heart failure and heralds worse overall prognosis. In animal studies, dietary choline or TMAO significantly accelerates atherosclerotic lesion development in(More)
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is a critical signaling molecule that regulates many physiological and/or pathological processes. Modulation of H2S levels could have potential therapeutic value. In this work, we report the rational design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of a class of phosphonamidothioate-based H2S-releasing agents (i.e., H2S donors). A novel(More)
BACKGROUND Oxidative stress results in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) damage and contributes to myocardial cell death. mtDNA repair enzymes are crucial for mtDNA repair and cell survival. We investigated a novel, mitochondrial-targeted fusion protein (Exscien1-III) containing endonuclease III in myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (MI/Rep) injury and transverse(More)
A strategy to deliver a well-defined persulfide species in a biological medium is described. Under near physiological conditions, the persulfide prodrug can be activated by an esterase to generate a "hydroxymethyl persulfide" intermediate, which rapidly collapses to form a defined persulfide. Such persulfide prodrugs can be used either as chemical tools to(More)
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