Chelsea Cyr

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Prolonged exposure to abused drugs such as opiates causes decreased response to the drug; this reduced sensitivity is thought to be due to the loss of receptors, or down-regulation. The molecular mechanism of the opiate receptor down-regulation is not known. In order to address this, we generated a number of mutants of the delta opiate receptor(More)
A cDNA clone encoding a human endothelin receptor was isolated from a placenta cDNA library. The deduced amino acid sequence of the clone is 94% identical to the bovine endothelin ETA receptor and represents the human homologue. The human endothelin ETA receptor gene was localized to chromosome 4 by analysis of its segregation pattern in rodent-human(More)
Human endothelin (ET) A receptor (hETAR) is a G-protein-mediated receptor that binds ET1 with high affinity and ET2 and ET3 with lower affinities. ET1 is the most potent endogenous vasoconstrictor known at this time. When expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes, hETAR is rapidly desensitized after stimulation with ET1. This desensitization lasts 90-110 min.(More)
To develop a malleable system to model the well-described, physiological interactions between Gq/11 - coupled receptor and Gi/o-coupled receptor signaling, we coexpressed the endothelin A receptor, the mu-opioid receptor, and the G protein-coupled inwardly rectifying potassium channel (Kir 3) heteromultimers in Xenopus laevis oocytes. Activation of the(More)
The response of G-protein-coupled receptors is modulated by homologous desensitization. Because endothelin A receptor (ETA) plays a part in vasoconstriction, the extent of desensitization and resensitization of endothelin responsiveness was studied. A cDNA clone encoding human ETA receptor was isolated based on similarities to bovine endothelin A receptor.(More)
Endothelin 1 (ET1) desensitizes endothelin A receptor for 90-110 min while neurokinin A (NKA) desensitizes neurokinin A receptor for 25-35 min in Xenopus laevis oocytes. In the present study, endothelin A receptor and neurokinin A receptor were coexpressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes in an effort to characterize heterologous desensitization of the receptors(More)
Formation of the cardiac valves is an essential component of cardiovascular development. Consistent with the role of the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling pathway in cardiac valve formation, embryos that are deficient for the BMP regulator BMPER (BMP-binding endothelial regulator) display the cardiac valve anomaly mitral valve prolapse. However,(More)
The primary structure of the human substance K receptor was established from the sequences of complementary DNA clones isolated from a human jejunal complementary DNA library. It consists of 398 amino acids, including seven putative transmembrane regions. The gene for the human substance K receptor was localized to chromosome region 10p13-10q23, a region(More)
Deletion analysis was used to study sites of human Neurokinin A receptor (HNKAR) necessary for signal transduction in CHO cells. Deletion of 62 and 81 amino acids from the c-terminus of HNKAR forms mutant receptors HNKAR delta 62 and HNKAR delta 81, which bind neurokinin A with high affinity but are functionally different. Wild type HNKAR and HNKAR delta 62(More)
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