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The epidemiology of methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) in Africa is poorly documented. From January 2007 to March 2008, 555 S. aureus isolates were collected from five African towns in Cameroon, Madagascar, Morocco, Niger, and Senegal; among these, 456 unique isolates were susceptible to methicillin. Approximately 50% of the MSSA isolates(More)
The epidemiology of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in Africa is poorly documented. From January 2007 to March 2008, we collected 86 MRSA isolates from five African towns, one each in Cameroon, Madagascar, Morocco, Niger and Senegal. Although one or two major clones, defined by the sequence type and staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec(More)
To make the hospital environment healthier for those it serves, the management of biomedical waste (BMW) was studied in the Ziguinchor Regional Hospital Center (RHC) in Senegal from 1 March through 15 March, 2000. The RHC incinerator had stopped operating in 1993. Problems in BMW management were observed at all levels. Neither identification nor sorting(More)
Between December 2009 and November 2011, we collected 57 (12.3%) Staphylococcus aureus isolates from 464 pigs and 16 (30.8%) isolates from 52 farmers in the largest farm in Dakar. Fifty-one isolates (70%) belonged to four major multilocus sequence typing clonal complexes (CCs): CC152 (26.0%), CC15 (19.2%), CC5 (13.7%), and CC97 (10.9%). The CC variability(More)
In a double-blind, randomised trial, immune-competent adults with acute herpes zoster received either 5 mg/kg acyclovir (17) or placebo (20) intravenously three times daily. Acyclovir significantly improved rash development, as evidenced by reducing the time of new lesion formation and the times to vesicle collapse and full crusting. Pain at the end of(More)
Nasal and pharyngeal swabs were collected from 132 patients admitted to the Principal Hospital in Dakar (Senegal), in January and February 2012. The prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus carriage was 56.1% (n = 74): 40.2% for pharyngeal samples and 36.4% for nasal samples. None of the isolates was methicillin-resistant. Carriage was independently associated(More)
The molecular epidemiology of Helicobacter pylori in Africa is poorly documented. From January 2007 to December 2008, we investigated 187 patients with gastric symptoms in one of the main tertiary hospitals in Dakar, Senegal. One hundred and seventeen patients were culture-positive for H. pylori. Polymorphisms in vacA and cagA status were investigated by(More)
In order to increase the effectiveness and the efficiency of diagnosis and treatment procedures of the most common diseases, algorithmic pathways have been developed and applied within the implementation of the "Bamako Initiative Strategy" at the health post level in Senegal. Among the many expected advantages of these pathways, was a reduction of abusive(More)
This study aimed to evaluate the supply and the conservation of water for household consumption, in order to propose solutions for its quality improvement. An inspection of the drilling tank was completed by a two-part process, first consisting of doing a bacteriological analysis of the tank's water, and second by conducting a survey of 216 household(More)