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The authors observe experimentally optical bistability enhanced through Fano interferences in high-Q localized silicon photonic crystal resonances ͑Q ϳ 30 000 and modal volume ϳ0.98 cubic wavelengths͒. This phenomenon is analyzed through nonlinear coupled-mode formalism, including the interplay of ␹ ͑3͒ effects such as two-photon absorption and related(More)
We investigate the nonlinear response of photonic crystal waveguides with suppressed two-photon absorption. A moderate decrease of the group velocity (approximately c/6 to c/15, a factor of 2.5) results in a dramatic (x 30) enhancement of three-photon absorption well beyond the expected scaling, proportional, variant 1/v3g. This non-trivial scaling of the(More)
We report the observation of imaging beyond the diffraction limit due to bound surface states in negative refraction photonic crystals. We achieve an effective negative index figure of merit [-Re(n)/Im(n)] of at least 380, approximately 125x improvement over recent efforts in the near-infrared range, with a 0.4 THz bandwidth. Supported by numerical and(More)
Solitary waves have consistently captured the imagination of scientists, ranging from fundamental breakthroughs in spectroscopy and metrology enabled by supercontinuum light, to gap solitons for dispersionless slow-light, and discrete spatial solitons in lattices, amongst others. Recent progress in strong-field atomic physics include impressive(More)
We report first observations of deterministic phase- and resonance-controlled all-optical electromagnetically induced transparency in multiple coupled photonic crystal cavities. The full-range tuning of coherently coupled cavity-cavity phase and resonances allow observations of transparency resonance in dark states with lifetimes longer than incoherently(More)
Innovations in laser technology have led to the development of three-dimensional surface laser digitisation techniques capable of registering surface topology accurately. The clinical application of this technology in cleft palate documentation requires validation of the technique. This study determined the reliability of the surface laser scanning(More)
1 It is well known that a lens-based far-field optical microscope cannot resolve two objects beyond Abbe's diffraction limit. Recently, it has been demonstrated that this limit can be overcome by lensing effects driven by surface-plasmon excitation 1–3 , and by fluorescence microscopy driven by molecular excitation 4. However, the resolution obtained using(More)
A single-crystal silicon air turbine supported on gas lubricated bearings has been operated in a controlled and sustained manner at rotational speeds greater then 1 million rpm and power levels approaching 5 W. The device is a second-generation version of the microbearing rig first reported by Lin et al. [1], and is the first micromachine to operate at(More)
We demonstrate all-optical modulation based on ultrafast optical carrier injection in a GaAs photonic crystal cavity using a degenerate pump-probe technique. The observations agree well with a coupled-mode model incorporating all relevant nonlinearities. The low switching energy ͑ϳ120 fJ͒, small energy absorption ͑ϳ10 fJ͒, fast on-off response ͑ϳ15 ps͒,(More)
We investigate for the first time, to our knowledge, the enhancement of the stimulated Raman scattering in slow-light silicon-on-insulator (SOI) photonic crystal line defect waveguides. By applying the Bloch-Floquet formalism to the guided modes in a planar photonic crystal, we develop a formalism that relates the intensity of the downshifted Stokes signal(More)