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Human glutathione S-transferase (GST) M1 and T1 enzymes exhibit genetic polymorphism, with a percentage of normal individuals exhibiting a homozygous deletion of the relevant genes. We established a differential polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique to simultaneously characterize inactivating mutations responsible for the null alleles of GSTM1 and(More)
OBJECTIVES:We hypothesized that RUNX3 inactivation by promoter hypermethylation in colorectal polyps is an early molecular event in colorectal carcinogenesis.METHODS:RUNX3 protein expression was analyzed immunohistochemically in 50 sporadic colorectal polyps comprising 19 hyperplastic polyps (HPs), 14 traditional serrated adenomas (TSAs), and 17 sporadic(More)
Etoposide is one of the most widely used antineoplastics. Unfortunately, the same treatment schedules associated with impressive efficacy are associated with an increased risk of secondary acute myeloid leukemia (AML), which has prompted its withdrawal from some treatment regimens, thereby potentially compromising efficacy against the original tumor.(More)
BACKGROUND Etoposide, an inhibitor of the normal religation activity of the nuclear enzyme topoisomerase II, can induce a secondary acute myeloid leukemia characterized by site-specific DNA rearrangements. The schedule of drug administration appears to be a clinical risk factor for this devastating treatment complication. PURPOSE We tested the hypothesis(More)
OBJECTIVES The risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) has been linked with xenobiotic exposures, race and inheritance. Because cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6) and glutathione S-transferases (GSTM1 and GSTT1) are genetically regulated, polymorphically distributed, and responsible for detoxification of many centrally acting exogenous and endogenous(More)
Large deletions of exons 2 and 3 of the hprt gene are the most common type of hprt mutation in lymphocytes of newborn infants, and their frequency increases in cultured human T-lymphoid cells as a result of exposure to etoposide. Sequenced PCR products for these deletions are consistent with a V(D)J recombinase-mediated mechanism underlying their genesis.(More)
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