Chee Kok Chin

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Caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) was synthesized from caffeic acid and phenethyl alcohol (ratio 1:5) at room temperature with dicyclohexyl carbodiimide (DCC) as a condensing reagent. The yield was about 38%. CAPE was found to arrest the growth of human leukemia HL-60 cells. It also inhibits DNA, RNA and protein synthesis in HL-60 cells with IC50 of 1.0(More)
Bioactivity-directed fractionation and purification afforded cytotoxic components of Commiphora wightii. The exudates of C. wightii were extracted with EtOAc and the extract was subjected to repeated column chromatography. A fraction showing cytotoxic activity was characterized as a mixture of two ferulates with an unusual skeleton by spectral and chemical(More)
Recombinant human FSH (rhFSH) was obtained by expressing the human FSH alpha- and beta-subunit complementary DNAs in the chinese hamster ovary cell line. Isoforms of rhFSH were resolved into specific isoelectric (pI) fractions by chromatofocusing. rhFSH isoforms ranged from pI 3.0-5.5 with a modal value of pI 4.2. Analysis of the biological activity of(More)
Four major triterpene acids including beta-boswellic acid (1), 3-O-acetyl-beta-boswellic acid (2), 11-keto-beta-boswellic acid (3), and 3-O-acetyl-11-keto-beta-boswellic acid (4) were isolated from the gum resin of Boswellia serrata and examined for their in vitro antitumor activity. They inhibited the synthesis of DNA, RNA and protein in human leukemia(More)
The crude saponins from the shoots (edible part of asparagus) of asparagus (asparagus crude saponins; ACS) were found to have antitumor activity. The ACS inhibited the growth of human leukemia HL-60 cells in culture and macromolecular synthesis in a dose and time dependent manner. The ACS at 75-100 micrograms/ml range was cytostatic. ACS concentrations(More)
Alcoholic extracts of leaves and stems of Vanilla fragrans were fractionated with ethyl acetate and aqueous butanol. All three fractions of ethyl acetate, butanol, and water were screened for toxic bioactivity against mosquito larvae. The results of these experiments showed that the fractions from the ethyl acetate and butanol phases were both active in the(More)
A further investigation of Aster lingulatus has led to the isolation of two additional novel triterpene saponins, asterlingulatoside C [3-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-3 beta, 16 alpha-dihydroxyolean-12-en-28-oic acid 28-O-beta-D-xylopyranosyl-(1-->4)-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->2)-alpha- L- arabinopyranoside] (1) and asterlingulatoside D(More)
Two oligofurostanosides were isolated from the seeds of Asparagus officinalis L and their structures characterized as 3-O-[alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->2)-(alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl- (1-->4))-beta-D-glucopyranosyl]-26-O-[beta-D-glucopyranosyl]-(25R) -22 alpha-methoxyfurost-5-ene-3 beta,26-diol(methyl protodioscin) and its corresponding 22 alpha-hydroxy(More)
Expression of the yeast Delta9 desaturase gene in tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) resulted in changes in the profiles of fatty acids in tomato leaves. Transgenic leaves displayed a dramatic increase in cis-Delta9 16:1, which only existed in a small quantity in control leaves. Also higher, but not as dramatic, were 18:1 and 16:3 fatty acids. Several(More)