Chee Hong Tan

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The present study was designed to investigate the hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic activities of the semi-purified fractions of an ethanolic leaf extract of Averrhoa bilimbi (ABe) in high fat diet (HFD)-streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats aged 10 weeks (200-250 g) were fed with a high fat diet obtained from Glen Forrest stock(More)
Dietary phenolic compounds, ubiquitous in vegetables and fruits and their juices possess antioxidant activity that may have beneficial effects on human health. The phenolic composition of six commercial apple juices, and of the peel (RP), flesh (RF) and whole fresh Red Delicious apples (RW), was determined by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC),(More)
3-Chlorotyrosine, a bio-marker of hypochlorous acid (HOCl) in vivo, was reported to be substantially elevated in the Alzheimer's disease (AD) brains. Thus, HOCl might be implicated in the development of AD. However, its effect and mechanism on neuronal cell death have not been investigated. Here, we report for the first time that HOCl treatment induces an(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the inhibitory effect of the non-aromatizable androgens on FSH-stimulated aromatase activity in porcine granulosa cells. The cells were isolated from medium-sized follicles (4-6 mm) of prepubertal pigs, and cultured under chemically defined conditions in the presence of FSH (1 microgram/ml, NIADDK-oFSH-S13) with and(More)
Gamma linolenic acid (GLA), a polyunsaturated fatty acid, promoted lipid peroxidation in Raji lymphoma suspension cultures, in a dose (10 microM-100 microM) and time-dependent (4 h-48 h) manner. The increase in lipid peroxidation could be correlated to an increase in cytotoxicity. The plant flavonoids (quercetin, luteolin, butein, rutin) and the fat-soluble(More)
Lithium is an effective drug in the treatment of both manic and depressive episodes of bipolar disorder. Lithium has been shown to block the metabolism of the intracellular second messenger inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate which is involved in the rise in ionic intracellular calcium [( Ca++]i) which triggers neurotransmitter release and other cellular changes(More)
We examined the effects of T3 and T4 on basal and FSH-induced aromatase activity in granulosa cells isolated from medium-sized follicles (4-6 mm) of prepubertal pigs. Treatment of cells with T3 or T4 alone during an initial 48-h induction period did not result in any significant change in aromatase activity, as measured by 17 beta-estradiol accumulation(More)
In vitro studies showed that several flavonoids, tannic acid, gallic acid and fat-soluble vitamins inhibited HeLa and Raji lymphoma cell growth. The inhibition trend exhibited by these compounds was similar for both cell lines, and their growth was inhibited dose dependently. Butein, (10 microM), the most potent anti-proliferative agent, exerted 30% growth(More)