Chee Hong Tan

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The uptake of leucine by rat brain synaptosomes was investigated in a Na+-free medium. It was found that leucine was transported into synaptosomes by 2 uptake processes which were both extremely sensitive to inhibition by 2-aminobicyclo-(2,2,1)-heptane-2-carboxylic acid. These 2 components were distinguishable from each other by kinetic analysis and by(More)
3-Chlorotyrosine, a bio-marker of hypochlorous acid (HOCl) in vivo, was reported to be substantially elevated in the Alzheimer's disease (AD) brains. Thus, HOCl might be implicated in the development of AD. However, its effect and mechanism on neuronal cell death have not been investigated. Here, we report for the first time that HOCl treatment induces an(More)
The venom of the spitting cobra, Naja naja sputatrix contains highly potent alpha-neurotoxins (NTXs) in addition to phospholipase A2 (PLA2) and cardiotoxin (CTX). In this study, we report the complete characterization of three genes that are responsible for the synthesis of three isoforms of alpha-NTX in the venom of a single spitting cobra. DNA(More)
Magnificalysin I and II (HMg I and II) and equinatoxin II (EqTx II) are cytolytic toxins extracted from sea anemones Heteractis magnifica and Actinia equina, respectively. They induced haemolysis in rat red blood cells and inhibited gamma amino butyric acid (GABA) and choline uptake into rat brain synaptosomes. These effects were concentration dependent.(More)
Adenosine, as a ubiquitous metabolite, mediates many physiological functions via activation of plasma membrane receptors. Mechanisms of most of its physiological roles have been studied extensively, but research on adenosine-induced apoptosis (AIA) has only started recently. In this study we demonstrate that adenosine dose-dependently triggered apoptosis of(More)
To get an insight into the mechanism of neurotoxicity exhibited by Lophozozymus pictor toxin (LPTX) and the toxin isolated from P.caribaeorum (C-PTX) studies were carried out on the effect of these toxins on the uptake of selected substrates (neurotransmitters, amino acids and glucose) in isolated nerve endings. The toxins were found to inhibit the uptake(More)
Daboiatoxin (DbTx), the PLA2 neurotoxin from Daboia russelli siamensis venom, was shown to bind specifically and saturably to rat cerebrocortical synaptosomes and synaptic membrane fragments. Two families of binding sites were detected by equilibrium binding analysis in the presence and absence of Ca2+. Scatchard analysis of biphasic plateaus revealed Kdl 5(More)
A novel Na(+)-dependent system for the uptake of l-leucine by rat brain synaptosomes is described. At a constant osmolarity of 270 mOsm/L, it functions optimally at a Na(+) concentration of 10 mM. This system is determined by measuring the difference in leucine uptake in the presence and absence of Na(+) as well as by measuring the residual uptake of(More)