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The retinular (R) cell junction between adjacent photoreceptor cells in the house-fly ommatidium was characterized by freeze fracture, thin section and tracer (lanthanum) studies. Focal tight junctions occur between cells, and some P face ridge-E face groove correspondences are present in this intramembranal area. When colloidal lanthanum was introduced(More)
The compound eye of the housefly, from lens to first optic neuropile (lamina ganglionaris) was examined with a scanning electron microscope. Key findings are as follows: The pseudocone cavity is enclosed by six corneal pigment cells. The nuclei of the six cells are firmly anchored to the underside of the lens and portions remain after lens delamination from(More)
Membrane specializations between the three types of glial cells in the first optic neuropil (lamina ganglionaris) of the housefly were determined from thin sections and freeze-fracture replicas. Three strata of glia cells are present in the lamina. A relatively thin layer of satellite glia covers the distal (perikaryal) rind of the lamina and these cells(More)
Thin section and freeze-fracture replicas of the first optic neuropil (lamina ganglionaris) of the fly Musca were studied to determine the types, extent and location of membrane specializations between neurons. Five junctional types are found, exclusive of chemical synapses. These are gap, tight and septate junctions, close appositions between retinular (R)(More)
Synaptic cartridges of the first optic neuropile (lamina ganglionaris) of the housefly were examined by high voltage electron microscopy (HVEM). Stereo pairs (from thick, i.e., 0.25 μm, sections viewed at 1,000 kV) provided a three dimensional representation of cartridge neurons and clearly revealed the lateral spread, bifurcation and some functional(More)
The ultrastructure of the perineurial cells of Musca overlying the first optic neuropile was examined by transmission electron microscopy. These cells are somewhat similar to those of other insects but cytoplasmic flanges seem to be absent, and mitochondria are relatively large and sinuous. The intercellular channel system on the lateral border of the cells(More)
PURPOSE We investigated the role of constitutive and inducible nitric oxide (NO) synthases in intestinal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury by observing the alterations in hemodynamics and intestinal microcirculation in response to I/R in rats, with or without inhibitors of NO synthases. METHODS Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 9/group) received a(More)
The fine structure and cellular associations of the large pigment cells (LPC's) of the compound eye of the house fly were studied with high voltage and conventional electron microscopy. Depending on the sector of the compound eye, the facets are either rectangular or hexagonal. The underside of each facet has indentations exactly aligned with those on top(More)
UNLABELLED Microcirculatory derangement, energy depletion, and lipid peroxidation are associated with the development of ischemia-reperfusion injury in the liver. This study investigated the effects of a neutrophil elastase inhibitor (ONO-5046) on hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury. Adult, male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into four treatment groups:(More)