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The incidence of facial clefts among live births in the Auckland urban area has been studied for the years 1960-1976. After correction for ascertainment, the live-born incidence of non-syndromal cleft palate among Maoris was 1.867/1000, and among Europeans it was 0.643/1000. The incidences for non-syndromal cleft lip, with or without cleft palate, were(More)
Complex segregation analysis was applied to data from 88 families containing at least one person with vesicoureteric reflux. Analysis showed that a single major locus was the most important causal factor in this condition, with the mutant allele being dominant to the normal allele and having a gene frequency of about 0.16%. Forty-five percent of gene(More)
A survey was conducted of professional New Zealand 2, 4, 5-T sprayers and a comparison group of agricultural contractors with a total of 989 respondents. The numbers of births, congenital defects, and miscarriages were identified from 1969 to 1980 by a postal questionnaire. Each pregnancy outcome was classified according to whether or not the father sprayed(More)
A family survey was conducted among 909 patients with leukaemia of all types, with the purpose of establishing the incidence of further cases of leukaemia among relatives. Among a total of 41,807 relatives 8,349 were deceased, and the cause of death was objectively confirmed in 5,011. 72 patients had one or more relatives with leukaemia. First degree(More)
A group of 46 bipolar probands and their first degree relatives were studied. A high rate of affective disorder (19.6 per cent) was found, including both unipolar (13.2 percent) and bipolar (6.4 per cent) types, with females predominating (3 : 1). The presence of four fatherson pairs suffering from affective disorder made the hypothesis of X-linked(More)
Routine parental blood analysis for a couple undergoing prenatal diagnosis because of maternal age, revealed a 47,XXX karyotype in the mother and expression of the fragile site Xq27.3 in the father. Additional family studies show the fragile site in the father's sister and her two sons. There is no history of intellectual handicap in this family, nor of any(More)
The utility of the pfxa3 probe for direct molecular diagnosis of the fragile X (FRAXA) has been established. This probe detects amplification of an unstable DNA element consisting of variable length CCG repeats. The size of the amplified fragment is correlated with phenotype and was determined using PstI digested DNA in family members. In 35 families with(More)
This paper describes a visual approach to the input of information about human families into computer data bases, making use of the GEM graphic interface on the Atari ST. Similar approaches could be used on the Apple Macintosh or on the IBM PC AT (to which it has been transferred). For occasional users of pedigree analysis programs, this approach has(More)
The numbers of referrals to genetics clinics for people with a family history of cancer is increasing rapidly. Although it is likely that presymptomatic testing will soon be available for some families, for the majority of people with a family history of malignancy, risk can only be assessed by examining their pedigrees and referring to standard texts. In(More)