The design of a pattern recognition system requires careful attention to error estimation. The error rate is the most important descriptor of a classifier's performance. The commonly used estimates of error rate are based on the holdout method, the resubstitution method, and the leave-one-out method. All suffer either from large bias or large variance and… (More)
Moment invariants have been frequently used as features for shape recognition. They are computed based on the information provided by both the shape boundary and its interior region. Although several fast algorithms for computing traditional moment invariants have been proposed, none has ever shown the theoretical results of moment invariants computed based… (More)
A new hybrid method is presented that combines the scale space filter (SSF) and Markov random field (MRF) for color image segmentation. The fundamental idea of the SSF is to use the convolution of Gaussian functions and image-histogram to generate a scale space image and then find the proper interval bounded by the local extrema of the derivatives. The… (More)
Before rendering 2D or 3D fractals with iterated function systems, it is necessary to calculate the bounding extent of fractals. We develop a new algorithm to compute the bounding box which closely contains the entire attractor of an iterated function system.
We present a novel hybrid method that includes a modulated scheme for reducing the distortion of the reconstructed image and a two-layered structure for grouping participants with different weights in a secret image sharing problem. Conventional secret image sharing methods suffer from truncation distortion, which is the difference between a pixel value and… (More)
A new steganographic method for data hiding in jig swap puzzle images is proposed. First, a color image is taken as input and divided into blocks. Second, each block is rearranged to a new position according to the secret data and a stegokey. The resulting image is a perfect jig swap puzzle. The original image is needed for extracting the secret data. Under… (More)
Experimental results of applying two similarity measurements , Euclidean distance and chord distance, to test a set of six Brodatz's textures are reported. Experiments show that in addition to feature extraction, A similarity measurement between images should be simultaneously considered, We also review some other similarity measurements.
This paper attempts to give a recipe for selecting one of the popular image compression algorithms based on (a) Wavelet, (b) JPEG/DCT, (c) VQ, and (d) Fractal approaches. We review and discuss the advantages and disadvantages of these algorithms for compressing gray-scale images, give an experimental comparison on four 256×256 commonly used images, Jet,… (More)
MOTIVATION Differential detection on symptom-related pathogens (SRP) is critical for fast identification and accurate control against epidemic diseases. Conventional polymerase chain reaction (PCR) requires a large number of unique primers to amplify selected SRP target sequences. With multiple-use primers (mu-primers), multiple targets can be amplified and… (More)