Chaudhary Muhammad Junaid Nazar

Learn More
We present a case of a patient who received nitrous oxide on two occasions within a period of 8 weeks and who subsequently developed a diffuse myelopathy, characterized by upper extremity paresis, lower extremity paraplegia and neurogenic bladder. Laboratory testing revealed hyperhomocysteinaemia and low levels of vitamin B(12). Because of this uncommon(More)
The annual incidence is about 150 per million in the UK, but this figure is six times greater in the >80 years old group. Prerenal azotemia is considered as the most serious reason in community or hospital acquired acute renal failure (ARF). A 67-year-old middle age male was admitted to the hospital with a chief complaint of generalized weakness, volume(More)
Diabetes mellitus is a leading epidemic of the present world. It is considered the leading cause of death among end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. The complications associated with diabetes mellitus have boosted the number of deaths in the last years. These complications are the result of long lasting effects of diabetes mellitus on the glomerular(More)
It is obvious that malnutrition is extremely dominant in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. Malnutrition in pre-dialysis, dialysis, and post-dialysis stages is related to multiple factors. However, research work shows that if we try to improve the poor nutrition status of ESRD patients, good clinical outcomes may result. But the long-term effect of(More)
Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder that is characterized by high blood glucose level, and body cannot produce enough insulin, or does not respond to the produced insulin. In spite of the diabetes education campaigns and programmes, a large number of people in the United Kingdom are living with diabetes. The main objective of the study is to evaluate(More)
Several advances in dialysis therapies have been made. Still, the mortality in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) remains high at rates exceeding 15%. Cardiovascular disease from heart failure or sudden death remains an important cause for mortality in these groups. The most common cardiac anomaly in ESRD is cardiac hypertrophy and this has been observed in 75%(More)
T he extent of malnutrition in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients can be discussed at different levels, including pre-dialysis, dialysis and post-dialysis, and for transplant patients. 1. Pre-dialysis patients Malnutrition is not specific to any stage of ESRD, but evidently it is present even before starting renal replacement therapy (RRT). Reports(More)
High prevalence of hypertension is observed in diabetic patients of both the types. Diabetic nephropathy is one of the major reason for high morbidity, mortality and financial burden in such hypertensive diabetic patients. For this review, electronic databases including PubMed/Medline, Embase, Cochrane and Google scholar were searched from 1990-2013.(More)
  • 1