Charusita Chakravarty

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Anomalous behavior of the excess entropy (S(e)) and the associated scaling relationship with diffusivity are compared in liquids with very different underlying interactions but similar water-like anomalies: water (SPC/E and TIP3P models), tetrahedral ionic melts (SiO(2) and BeF(2)), and a fluid with core-softened, two-scale ramp (2SRP) interactions. We(More)
Excess-entropy scaling relationships for diffusivity and viscosity of Lennard-Jones chain fluids are tested using molecular dynamics simulations for chain sizes that are sufficiently small that chain entanglement effects are insignificant. The thermodynamic excess entropy S(e) is estimated using self-associating fluid theory (SAFT). A structural measure of(More)
The transition to simple liquid behaviour is studied in a set of modified hybrid water models where the potential energy contribution of the Lennard-Jones dispersion-repulsion contribution is progressively enhanced relative to the electrostatic contribution. Characteristics of simple liquid behaviour that indicate the extent to which a given system can be(More)
A set of Lindemann measures, based on positional deviations or return distances, defined with respect to mechanically stable inherent structure configurations, is applied to understand the solid-liquid phase transition in a Lennard-Jones-type system. The key quantity is shown to be the single-particle return distance-squared distribution. The first moment(More)
Molecular dynamics simulations of the Oeffner-Elliot model of germania (GeO(2)) are performed to identify nested regions of anomalous behavior in structural order, diffusivity, and pair entropy in the density-temperature plane, analogous to that seen in BeF(2), SiO(2), and H(2)O. The decreasing constraint of local tetrahedrality in GeO(2), compared to(More)
The correlation between statistical properties of the energy landscape and the number of accessible configurational states, as measured by the exponential of the excess entropy (e(Se)), are studied in the case of a simple Lennard-Jones-type liquid in the neighborhood of the thermodynamic freezing transition. The excess entropy Se is defined as the(More)
The connection between thermodynamic, transport, and potential-energy landscape features is studied for liquids with Lennard-Jones-type pair interactions using both microcanonical molecular-dynamics and isothermal-isobaric ensemble Monte Carlo simulations. Instantaneous normal-mode and saddle-point analyses of two variants of the monatomic Lennard-Jones(More)
Water is the most abundant liquid on earth and also the substance with the largest number of anomalies in its properties. It is a prerequisite for life and as such a most important subject of current research in chemical physics and physical chemistry. In spite of its simplicity as a liquid, it has an enormously rich phase diagram where different types of(More)
The secondary structure conformational properties and hydration shell metrics of the Trp-cage mini-protein are examined in the folded and unfolded ensembles in mTIP3P, TIP4P, and TIP4P-Ew water models with the CHARMM22 force-field using molecular dynamics simulations at 250 K. Upon changing the water model, the conformational order metrics of the peptide(More)
Triplet correlations have been shown to play a crucial role in the transformation of simple liquids to anomalous tetrahedral fluids [M. Singh, D. Dhabal, A. H. Nguyen, V. Molinero, and C. Chakravarty, Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 147801 (2014)]. Here we examine triplet correlation functions for water, arguably the most important tetrahedral liquid, under ambient(More)