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We have previously demonstrated that activated ras oncogenes can induce the metastatic phenotype and type IV collagenolytic activity in NIH/3T3 cells (Thorgeirsson et al. Mol. Cell. Biol. 5:259-262, 1985). The present study demonstrates ras-mediated induction of a 92 kDa metalloproteinase, which degrades gelatin and type IV collagen. Association of the 92(More)
The tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1) has at least 2 independent functions, i.e., regulation of matrix metalloproteinases and erythroid-potentiating activity. We investigated the effects of TIMP-1 over-expression on tumor growth, using cloned lines derived from a TIMP-1-transfected rat breast carcinoma cell line. The in vitro growth rate of(More)
Microvessel density has been proposed as a prognostic factor in breast carcinoma. In paired samples of human breast carcinoma and the adjacent non-neoplastic tissue, proliferating microvessels were associated with in situ ductal and lobular carcinomas. In invasive carcinomas, the microvessels were located within the tumor stroma. Recombinant tissue(More)
In this report we describe a metastatic monkey hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) model in which intravascular metastatic development is clearly evident. The tumor-bearing livers contained intravenous tumor thrombi at different stages of progression within the small branches of the portal vein. These ranged from mural tumor thrombi lined with CD31-positive(More)
A food-derived mutagenic heterocyclic aromatic amine, 2-amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline (IQ), is a potent hepatocarcinogen in cynomolgus monkeys. In an ongoing carcinogenesis study, 34 out of 40 monkeys dosed with IQ have developed malignant liver tumors. The histology and cytokeratin expression was examined in a total of 94 tumors and non-neoplastic(More)
With the ever-increasing evidence that the extracellular matrix (ECM) can stimulate tumor growth, it follows that inhibiting the synthesis of tumor-derived stroma may be a potential therapeutic target of cancer progression. The proline analog cis-hydroxyproline (CHP), an inhibitor of collagen deposition, was examined for its effects on the growth of clonal(More)
This study describes histopathological findings in 26 nonhuman primates (cynomolgus and rhesus monkeys) with liver tumors after dosing with IQ for time periods of 27 to 72 months. In most of the cases 2-5 well-defined tumor nodules were present in the liver at the time of autopsy. In 5 cases there were numerous nodules occupying most of the liver.(More)
In every case I took a smear on a slide, and made a culture on an agar slope. By touching the selected area, or the diseased area such as an ulcer, etc., with a tiny sterile swab, the reflex rolling of the eye-ball spreads the organism into the small swab. This is used to inoculate the agar tube and prepare a film for staining. At times a second swab is(More)
We give sufficient conditions under which a policy that assigns customers to the Fastest Available Server, labelled FAS, is optimal in queueing models with multiple independent Poisson arrival processes and heterogeneous parallel exponential servers. The criterion is to minimize the long-run average cost per unit time. We obtain results for loss models and(More)
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