Charnell Inglis Sommers

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PURPOSE To identify and synthesize the polymorphonuclear leukocyte chemoattractant(s) released from alkali-degraded corneas. METHODS Corneas were degraded in 1.0 N NaOH, neutralized, ultrafiltered, and dialyzed. The final active ultrafiltrate was subjected to high-performance liquid chromatography on a Protein PAK I-60 column. The most active fractions(More)
PURPOSE The objective of this study was to establish and characterize the invasion of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) into a normal cornea after intrastromal injection of the tripeptide chemoattractants generated from alkali-degraded corneas. METHODS The following samples were injected into the midstroma of normal rabbit corneas: ultrafiltered(More)
PURPOSE To determine if transplanted corneal epithelial stem cells are safely and efficiently attached to the deficient limbal niche with use of fibrin sealant. The primary outcome is measured with respect to the stability of the transplant, with secondary qualitative evaluations of inflammation, patient comfort, speed of operation, and incidence of(More)
PURPOSE A topical synthetic metalloproteinase inhibitor (SIMP) has been reported to reduce the incidence of corneal ulcerations in the alkali-injured eye by the putative mechanism of collagenase inhibition. The current study was performed to determine whether SIMP has a direct inhibitory effect on the activation of neutrophils and to compare any such effect(More)
PURPOSE The release of N-acetyl-proline-glycine-proline (PGP), a chemoattractant resulting from direct alkaline hydrolysis of corneal proteins, is believed to be the initial trigger for neutrophil invasion into the alkali-injured cornea. The purpose of this study is twofold: (1) to compare the activity of N-acetyl-PGP with the bioactivities of other similar(More)
Marine natural products and their synthetic derivatives represent a major source of novel candidate anti-cancer compounds. We have recently tested the anti-cancer activity of more than forty novel compounds based on an iminoquinone makaluvamine scaffold, and have found that many of the compounds exert potent cytotoxic activity against human cancer cell(More)
The chemotactic behavior of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) suspended in a three-dimensional gel of native collagen fibers was analyzed using a new visual assay aided by computer assisted tracking. Cell behavior was observed in a 7 microliters chamber closed at either end with capillary tubes tipped with dialysis membrane. The chemoattractant, LTB4, was(More)
PURPOSE We have previously presented evidence that the neutrophil chemoattractant, N-acetyl-proline-glycine-proline (N-acetyl-PGP), triggers the initial polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) invasion into the alkali-injured eye. In this study, sense-antisense methodology was used to develop novel complementary peptides to be potential inhibitors of(More)
PURPOSE The current study was designed to determine if a polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) chemoattractant is derived from alkali-degraded whole cornea and to establish a range for its molecular weight. METHODS We utilized a collagen gel-visual chemotactic assay to quantify the directional movement of PMN exposed to alkali-degraded corneas (30 min or 24(More)
Poxvirus uracil DNA glycosylase D4 in association with A20 and the catalytic subunit of DNA polymerase forms the processive polymerase complex. The binding of D4 and A20 is essential for processive polymerase activity. Using an AlphaScreen assay, we identified compounds that inhibit protein-protein interactions between D4 and A20. Effective interaction(More)