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The deposition of mineralized bone matrix by differentiated osteoblasts was studied in rats in vivo by labeling the bone with three doses of tetracycline given at 48-h intervals. Only bone formation loci bearing all three tetracycline doses were measured, thus eliminating sites where bone formation was not continuous during the labeling period. Using this(More)
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE Menarche is a milestone of reproductive development, and its timing may be differentially influenced by the growth conditions before birth and those between birth and puberty. The present study explored the relationships among menarcheal timing and markers of prenatal and midchildhood growth in healthy Australian girls. SETTING,(More)
Recombinant human parathyroid hormone (hPTH) was expressed in Escherichia coli harboring a plasmid containing a synthetic human parathyroid hormone gene under the control of the E. coli lac promoter. Three major forms of the hormone were isolated by acid extraction and purified to homogeneity by high performance liquid chromatography. By amino acid analysis(More)
We have prospectively investigated calcium and bone metabolism in 16 patients receiving total parenteral nutrition for periods ranging from 7 to 89 months. In 12 patients, bone biopsies at 6 to 73 months after the start of parenteral nutrition showed osteomalacia. Plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels were normal in all patients. Seven persons developed(More)
CONTEXT Mouse studies suggest that adropin, a peptide hormone, is required for metabolic homeostasis and prevention of obesity-associated insulin resistance. Whether obesity and insulin resistance are associated with low plasma adropin levels in humans is not known. OBJECTIVES Our objective was to investigate the hypothesis that obesity and indicators of(More)
The effect of dietary Ca in response to fluoride (F) treatment was investigated in rats. Rats were maintained on either adequate (0.5%) or high (2.0%) dietary Ca and given for 5 weeks, NaF in drinking water. The minimum NaF levels that inhibited body growth and reduced survival were 300 mg/L with 0.5% diet Ca and 550 mg/L with 2.0% diet Ca. With these toxic(More)
Bariatric surgery is the most effective method for promoting dramatic and durable weight loss in morbidly obese subjects. Furthermore, type 2 diabetes is resolved in over 80% of patients. The mechanisms behind the amelioration in metabolic abnormalities are largely unknown but may be due to changes in energy metabolism, gut peptides and food preference. The(More)
A young girl had tibial osteotomies at age 14 for genu valgum and then had recurrent tibial cysts over a number of years. Hypocalcemia and hyperphosphatemia were first noted at age 21. The diagnosis of pseudohypoparathyroidism was made at age 28, when elevated plasma PTH was detected. Clinical and biochemical features, including a PTH response test and(More)
Childhood obesity is a major public health problem. Low-grade inflammation, a hallmark characterizing adult obesity, may be a pivotal mechanism linking obesity to its numerous systemic complications, with adipose tissue depots secreting and producing inflammatory mediators and visceral fat displaying an increased inflammatory profile. While knowledge is(More)