Charmaine S. Tam

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BACKGROUND Central nervous system (CNS) relapse in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is a devastating complication; the optimal prophylactic strategy remains unclear. METHODS We performed a multicentre, retrospective analysis of patients with DLBCL with high risk for CNS relapse as defined by two or more of: multiple extranodal sites, elevated serum(More)
OBJECTIVE Chronic low-grade inflammation is a feature of obesity and is postulated to be causal in the development of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. The aim of this study was to assess whether overfeeding induces peripheral insulin resistance in lean and overweight humans, and, if so, whether it is associated with increased systemic and adipose(More)
In addition to adipose tissue, recent studies suggest that skeletal muscle may also be a source of low-grade inflammation, particularly in inactive and/or overweight individuals. The aim of this study was to examine the presence of macrophages in skeletal muscle from obese subjects with type 2 diabetes (T2D) before and after a 9-month exercise program (vs.(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was designed to determine a cutoff point for identifying insulin resistance from hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp studies performed at 120 mU/m(2)·min in a white population and to generate equations from routinely measured clinic and blood variables for predicting clamp-derived glucose disposal rate (GDR), i.e., insulin sensitivity. (More)
OBJECTIVE The presence of large subcutaneous adipocytes in obesity has been proposed to be linked with insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes through the "adipose tissue expandability" hypothesis, which holds that large adipocytes have a limited capacity for expansion, forcing lipids to be stored in nonadipose ectopic depots (skeletal muscle, liver), where(More)
CONTEXT The effect of weight loss by diet alone or diet in conjunction with exercise on low-grade inflammation in non-obese (overweight) individuals is not known. OBJECTIVE Test the hypothesis that 24 weeks of moderate calorie restriction (CR; 25%) by diet only or with aerobic exercise would reduce markers of systemic inflammation and attenuate(More)
OBJECTIVE This study investigated whether plasma adropin concentrations are influenced by sleep restriction and correlate with dietary preferences. METHODS Plasma adropin concentrations were measured by ELISA using samples from a study that investigated feeding behavior in sleep deprived lean (body mass index 22-26 kg/m(2) ) men and women aged 30-45 y.(More)
Skeletal muscle extracellular matrix (ECM) remodelling has been proposed as a feature of the pathogenic milieu associated with obesity and metabolic dysfunction. Whether muscle ECM is associated with impaired physical function in obese conditions is unknown. C57BL/6 mice were fed a high-fat diet (HFD) or chow for 5, 10 and 25 weeks. Non-invasive(More)
Fat cell differentiation (FCD) potentiates adipose cell characteristics including lipid storage and insulin sensitivity. In vitro, we have demonstrated that CCN2, also known as connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), inhibits FCD in NIH3T3-L1 cells and in adipocytes isolated from mouse epididymal fat pads. The aim of this study was to determine if the CCN2(More)