Charmaine Childs

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Leukemic blasts from 40 consecutively admitted adults with untreated acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) were examined for myeloid surface antigen expression. Of these, 14 (35%) were reactive with one or more myeloid monoclonal antibodies. Each example of myeloid surface antigen-positive (My+ ALL) met the standard morphologic and cytochemical criteria for(More)
Type 2 diabetes is associated with biochemical evidence of low-grade inflammation, and experimental studies have suggested that both insulin and glucose affect inflammatory responses. To determine the effect of in vivo changes in glucose availability and plasma insulin concentrations in humans, we administered 20 U/kg Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide(More)
One hundred twenty-five cases of Hodgkin's disease from the United States (79), Mexico City (31), and Costa Rica (15) were analyzed for the presence of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) by in situ hybridization to EBER1 transcripts. EBV was more frequently detected in the Reed-Sternberg (RS) cells of mixed cellularity Hodgkin's disease (37 of 48 [77%]) compared with(More)
Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph1) acute leukemia is a heterogeneous subset of acute leukemia with a poor prognosis. We studied five patients to determine the potential for phenotypic and molecular heterogeneity. Cellular characterization studies included light myeloperoxidase (L-MPO), terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT), ultrastructural MPO(More)
Thirty-three patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) with advanced Rai stage (III-IV) or progressive Rai stage (0-II) disease were treated with fludarabine as a single agent. Eleven patients (33%) obtained a complete remission (CR), 13 (39%) a clinical CR with residual nodules as the only evidence of disease (nodular partial remission [PR]), and(More)
Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H MRS) was used to determine brain temperature in healthy volunteers. Partially water-suppressed (1)H MRS data sets were acquired at 3T from four different gray matter (GM)/white matter (WM) volumes. Brain temperatures were determined from the chemical-shift difference between the CH(3) of N-acetyl aspartate (NAA)(More)
Theoretical models suggest that small differences only exist between brain and body temperature in health. Once the brain is injured, brain temperature is generally regarded to rise above body temperature. However, since reports of the magnitude of the temperature gradient between brain and body vary, it is still not clear whether conventional body(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES In recent years, biochemical markers have been employed to predict the outcome of patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). In mild TBI, S100B has shown the most promise as a marker of outcome. The objective of this study in patients with severe TBI was to: show the range of serum S100B levels during the acute phase after trauma:(More)
Temperature has a major effect on survival in all animal species. Despite wide variations in climate, organ temperature is regulated 'tightly' by homeostatic mechanisms controlling heat production and conservation, as well as heat loss. Although less is known about the temperature of the healthy or injured human brain, mammalian brain homeothermy involves(More)
Brain temperature is determined by the interplay between the cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen (CMRO2) and cerebral blood flow (CBF). In this study, single-voxel 1H nuclear MRS, with an accuracy of +/-0.2 degrees C for temperature determination, was used at 3 T to measure human brain temperature during visual stimulation (which increases both CBF and CMRO2)(More)