Charlotte Schubert

Learn More
Totipotent germline blastomeres in Caenorhabditis elegans contain, but do not respond to, factors that promote somatic differentiation in other embryonic cells. Mutations in the maternal gene pie-1 result in the germline blastomeres adopting somatic cell fates. Here we show that pie-1 encodes a nuclear protein, PIE-1, that is localized to the germline(More)
An asymmetrical network of cortically localized PAR proteins forms shortly after fertilization of the C. elegans egg. This network is required for subsequent asymmetries in the expression patterns of several proteins that are encoded by nonlocalized, maternally expressed mRNAs. We provide evidence that two nearly identical genes, mex-5 and mex-6, link PAR(More)
In the newly fertilized Caenorhabditis elegans zygote, cytoplasmic determinants become localized asymmetrically along the anterior-posterior (A-P) axis of the embryo. The mitotic apparatus then orients so as to cleave the embryo into anterior and posterior blastomeres that differ in both size and developmental potential. Here we describe a role for MBK-2, a(More)
Chemical, paleontological, and mineralogical analyses of a 7.5-meter core from the middle of Lake Valencia, Venezuela, have provided information on the paleoclimatic history of this low-elevation, low-latitude site for the last 13,000 years. The data show that dry climates existed in this region from 13,000 years before present (B.P.) until about 10,000(More)
Oxygen isotope records of cores from the central Arctic Ocean yield evidence for a major influx of meltwater at the beginning of the last deglaciation 15.7 thousand years ago (16,650 calendar years B.C.). The almost parallel trends of the isotope records from the Arctic Ocean, the Fram Strait, and the east Greenland continental margin suggest(More)
The Netherlands Cancer Institute in Amsterdam is to become the first institution in the world to use microarray techniques for the routine prognostic screening of cancer patients. Aiming for a June 2003 start date, the center will use a panoply of 70 genes to assess the tumor profile of breast cancer patients and to determine which women will receive(More)
984 volume 15 | number 9 | september 2009 nature medicine Vaccines work by training the immune system to target pathogens, but many types of shots need added substances called adjuvants to elicit a robust response. Despite the power of adjuvants, only one, called alum, is approved in the US. Charlotte Schubert looks at recent discoveries that could(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the expression of multiple lymph-specific markers and to test its association with histopathological characteristics and clinical outcomes in patients with urothelial carcinoma of the bladder (UCB) treated by radical cystectomy (RC). PATIENTS AND METHODS Vascular endothelial growth factor-C and -D (VEGF-C/-D), its receptor VEGF(More)
The cause of brain dysfunction during sepsis and septic encephalopathy is still under ongoing research. Sepsis induced changes in cerebral protein expression may play a significant role in the understanding of septic encephalopathy. The aim of the present study was to explore cerebral proteome alterations in septic rats. Fifty-six male Wistar rats were(More)