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IgG serum antibody was measured by ELISA in patients with Crohn's disease (15), ulcerative colitis (15), and in normal controls (15) to 12 strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae (baker's and brewer's yeast) and to the two major serotypes of the commensal yeast Candida albicans. Antibody to 11 of the 12 strains of S cerevisiae was raised in patients with… (More)
AIM Previous research indicates that users of illicit substances exhibit diminished cognitive function under stereotype threat. Advancing this research, the current study aimed to examine the effects of stereotype threat on alcohol users' inhibitory control. It also examined whether drinkers demonstrate a greater approach bias towards alcohol-related… (More)
We review the estimation of total and individual serum bile acids to detect the presence and nature of hepatobiliary disease. The different methods for measuring serum bile acids are discussed.
BACKGROUND Women in mathematical domains may become attuned to situational cues that signal a discredited social identity, contributing to their lower achievement and underrepresentation. AIM This study examined whether heightened in-group representation alleviates the effects of stereotype threat on women's mathematical performance. It further… (More)
This systematic literature review appraises critically the mediating variables of stereotype threat. A bibliographic search was conducted across electronic databases between 1995 and 2015. The search identified 45 experiments from 38 articles and 17 unique proposed mediators that were categorized into affective/subjective (n = 6), cognitive (n = 7) and… (More)
OBJECTIVE The current study examined the impact of varying pictorial cues and testing contexts on implicit alcohol-related expectancies. METHOD Seventy-six participants were assigned randomly to complete an Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP) in either a pub or lecture context. The IRAP exposed participants to pictorial cues that depicted an… (More)
Serum bile acids (SBA) were studied after a standard fatty meal in patients with gallbladder disease. Early postprandial bile acid values were found to be greater in patients with non-functioning gallbladders. Higher postprandial SBA values were found after cholecystectomy. Serum bile acid measurements were of no value in the assessment of gallbladder… (More)