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The short-term influence (5-180 min) of 50 microM Al on cell division was investigated in root tips of two Zea mays L. varieties differing in Al-resistance. The incorporation of bromodeoxyuridine into S-phase nuclei was visualized by immunofluorescence staining using confocal laser fluorescence microscopy. In Al-sensitive plants 5 min Al exposure was enough(More)
The role of defence gene expression triggered by Cd toxicity in the plant’s response to Botrytis cinerea was investigated in Arabidopsis thaliana Columbia 0. Silicon (0 or 1.5 mM) and Cd (0, 1 or 10 μM) were supplied to 3-month-old solution-cultured plants. After 3 days, half of the plants of each treatment were inoculated with Botrytis. Supplied Cd(More)
The role of endogenous salicylic acid (SA) signalling cascades in plant responses to salt and oxidative stresses is unclear. Arabidopsis SA signalling mutants, namely npr1-5 (non-expresser of pathogenesis related gene1), which lacks NPR1-dependent SA signalling, and nudt7 (nudix hydrolase7), which has both constitutively expressed NPR1-dependent and(More)
Differences in Cd accumulation and Cd tolerance between Thlaspi arvense ecotype Aigues Vives (AV) from a commercial grower in South France and ecotype Jena collected in the polluted urban area of Jena (Germany) were reported here. Ecotype Jena exhibited considerable Cd-tolerance. Shoot and root masses were unaffected and root elongation was even enhanced by(More)
Sensitivity to Erysiphe in Noccaea praecox with low metal supply is related to the failure in enhancing SA. Cadmium protects against fungal-infection by direct toxicity and/or enhanced fungal-induced JA signaling. Metal-based defense against biotic stress is an attractive hypothesis on evolutionary advantages of plant metal hyperaccumulation. Metals may(More)
Boron (B) re-translocation is an important factor determining tolerance to B deficiency in plants. In this work growth, B content of leaves with different ages, B partitioning between soluble and cell wall (CW) fractions, and B re-translocation were investigated in tea (Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze) plants grown hydroponically without (<2.5 μM) and with(More)
Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is the most important food legume in the diet of poor people in the tropics. Drought causes severe yield loss in this crop. Identification of traits associated with drought resistance contributes to improving the process of generating bean genotypes adapted to these conditions. Field studies were conducted at the(More)
Keywords: Shoot biomass Nitrogen derived from the atmosphere Nitrogen derived from the soil Nitrogen use efficiency Terminal drought stress a b s t r a c t Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is the most important food legume, cultivated by small farmers and is usually exposed to unfavorable conditions with minimum use of inputs. Drought and low soil(More)
Response of tea plants (Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kontze) to Al (300 µM AlCl3 for 14 weeks) was studied in combination with deficient (−B) or adequate B supply (+B) in hydroponics. Aluminum improved plant growth under B deficiency. This positive Al effect in (−B) plants was related to an Al-induced increase of B contents in the root cell walls (CW).(More)
Depending on salt concentrations, different mechanisms are involved in the tolerance of pistachio and an acclimation to salinity conditions occurs in the leaves that develop in the presence of salt. Pistachio (Pistacia vera L.) is a salt tolerant species that is considered an alternative crop for cultivation in salinzied orchard soils. In this work,(More)