Charlotte Mizon

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Digestive bacterial microflora play a major role in the pathogenesis of Crohn's disease (CD). Bacterial enzyme activities, especially beta-D-galactosidase, are decreased in fecal extracts from CD patients. We hypothesized that an alteration of the colonic flora might be responsible for this decrease. Indeed, we demonstrate that beta-D-galactosidase(More)
Inter-alpha-inhibitor (IalphaI) is a human plasma serine proteinase inhibitor. It contains one light peptide chain called bikunin that exerts antiproteinase activity and other antiinflammatory functions. Bikunin is covalently linked to two heavy chains that, after tissular diffusion, stabilize the extracellular matrix. Owing to its negative acute-phase(More)
We investigated the effects of human inter-alpha-inhibitor (I alpha I) on hemodynamics, oxygenation, and coagulation parameters in a porcine model of endotoxic shock. Four groups of six animals were studied: (1) control, (2) I alpha I group receiving 30 mg/kg I alpha I over 30 min, (3) LPS group receiving 5 Escherichia coli endotoxin over(More)
Human neutrophil proteinases have been implicated in the pathogenesis of a wide variety of inflammatory diseases. The degradation of plasma proteins such as coagulation and fibrinolysis factors has been attributed to the excessive release of elastase in septicemia and in other conditions in which heightened proteolysis occurs. Inter-alpha-inhibitor(More)
cDNA studies have suggested that inter-alpha-trypsin inhibitor (ITI) is a complex of several different peptide chains; the sequence of the inhibitory part of ITI is in excellent agreement with that of the urinary trypsin inhibitor (UTI). The present report demonstrates that a compound immunologically related to UTI is released by digestion with porcine(More)
Inter-alpha-inhibitor (IalphaI) and pre-alpha-inhibitor (PalphaI) are the main members of a set of multichain serine proteinase inhibitors. Present in human plasma, they may be involved in control of the inflammatory process. They are composed of homologous heavy chains (H1 and H2 for IalphaI; H3 for PalphaI) covalently linked by a(More)
The major urinary trypsin inhibitor (Mr 44 000), isolated from human urine, contains 35% carbohydrate. In addition to N-acetylglucosamine and neutral sugars (primarily mannose and galactose), the carbohydrate moiety contains hexuronic acid and N-acetylgalactosamine and corresponds to a glycosaminoglycan. This carbohydrate chain is an integral component of(More)
We present a method for automated analysis of urinary trypsin inhibitory capacity. The validity of the method has been established. The mean value of urinary antitryptic activity is higher in patients with disseminated cancers (70 IU/1, n = 243) than in healthy donors (14,4 IU/1, n = 117). However, frequency distribution of urinary trypsin inhibitor values(More)
Bikunin (BK) is a Kunitz-type proteinase inhibitor responsible for most of the antitryptic activity of urine and so is known as the urinary trypsin inhibitor. As its excretion increases in inflammatory conditions, it is often considered to be a positive acute phase protein (APP). However, the gene for BK is downregulated in inflammation. In human plasma the(More)
Bikunin (Bk) is a Künitz-type serine proteinase inhibitor, which occurs in human plasma, mainly as covalent complexes with one or two of the three peptide heavy chains. The leading member of this glycoprotein family is inter-alpha-inhibitor (I alpha I), which consists of two heavy chains (H1 and H2) linked to Bk. Bk carries a glycosaminoglycan (GAG) chain,(More)