Charlotte Menné

Learn More
To determine the rate constants of spontaneous and activated TCR cycling, we examined TCR endo- and exocytosis in the human T cell line Jurkat by three different methods. Using a simple kinetic model for TCR cycling and non-linear regression analyses, we found that the spontaneous endocytic rate constant of the TCR was low (approximately 0.012 min(-1))(More)
It is generally assumed that TCR assembly occurs in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), and ER retention/degradation signals have been identified in several of the TCR chains. These signals are probably responsible for retention of incompletely assembled TCR complexes and free TCR chains in the ER. This study focused on the intracellular localization and(More)
To address the molecular mechanism of T cell receptor (TCR) signaling, we have formulated a model for T cell activation, termed the 2D-affinity model, in which the density of TCR on the T cell surface, the density of ligand on the presenting surface, and their corresponding two-dimensional affinity determine the level of T cell activation. When fitted to T(More)
Nickel, cobalt and chromium can induce allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) and may provoke irritant reactions in the skin. This study aimed at investigating cytotoxicity and cell viability along with intracellular metal accumulation in HaCaT human keratinocytes exposed to soluble forms of nickel, cobalt or chromium. The EC50 (24 h) values as detected by MTT(More)
Clathrin-mediated endocytosis includes cycles of assembly and disassembly of the clathrin-coated vesicle constituents. How these cycles are regulated is still not fully known but previous studies have indicated that phosphorylation of coat subunits may play a role. Here we describe that beta2-adaptin undergoes cycles of phosphorylation/de-phosphorylation in(More)
TCR internalization takes place both in resting T cells as part of constitutive TCR cycling, after PKC activation, and during TCR triggering. It is still a matter of debate whether these pathways represent distinct pathways. Thus, some studies have indicated that ligand-induced TCR internalization is regulated by mechanisms distinct from those involved in(More)
Down-regulation of the T-cell receptor (TCR) plays an important role in modulating T-cell responses, both during T-cell development and in mature T cells. At least two distinct pathways exist for TCR down-regulation: down-regulation following TCR ligation; and down-regulation following activation of protein kinase C (PKC). Ligand-induced TCR down-regulation(More)
Molybdenum creatinine levels in urine were measured in 128 Danish inhabitants by ICP-MS in order to establish reference intervals of molybdenum in urine for the Danish population as a part of the EURO-TERVIHT project (Trace Element Reference Values in Human Tissues). The Mo concentration was determined using the isotopes 95Mo and 98Mo. The values measured(More)
The TCR is a constitutively recycling receptor meaning that a constant fraction of TCR from the plasma membrane is transported inside the cell at the same time as a constant fraction of TCR from the intracellular pool is transported to the plasma membrane. TCR recycling is affected by protein kinase C activity. Thus, an increase in protein kinase C activity(More)
TCR down-regulation plays an important role in modulating T cell responses both during T cell development and in mature T cells. At least two distinct pathways exist for down-regulation of the TCR. One pathway is activated following TCR ligation and is dependent on tyrosine phosphorylation. The other pathway is dependent on protein kinase C (PKC)-mediated(More)