Charlotte Mauron

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This study examined the possibility that membrane phospholipids might be a source of choline used for acetylcholine (ACh) synthesis. Slices of rat striatum or cerebellum were superfused with a choline-free or choline-containing (10, 20 or 40 microM) physiological solution with eserine, for alternating 20 min periods of rest or electrical stimulation.(More)
It has been hypothesized that the selective vulnerability of certain brain cholinergic neurons in Alzheimer's disease may reflect the unique way that choline is utilized by these neurons, i.e. not only as a component of major membrane phospholipids, e.g. phosphatidylcholine (PC), but also as a precursor of their neurotransmitter, acetylcholine (ACh). A(More)
Six healthy, nonobese, fasting subjects each received, on different days 0, 6, 12.5, 25, or 50 g of glucose (Glucola) in a total volume of 100 ml. Blood was taken at intervals and assayed for plasma levels of the branched-chain amino acids (valine, isoleucine and leucine); the other major large neutral amino acids (LNAA) (methionine, phenylalanine, tyrosine(More)
The effects of long-term isolation of young adult male rats on the analgesic effects of morphine were investigated. Isolated rats developed altered patterns of behavior, including muricidal behavior in some animals. Analgesic activity of morphine was assessed with both the tail compression and the hot plate methods. The results indicate that chronically(More)
The antinociceptive action of several analgesics was studied by two methods: the hot-plate and the tail compression tests. Lesions of the midbrain raphe, which produce a marked depletion of serotonin in the forebrain, antagonize the analgesic effect of morphine but not that of methadone, meperidine, codeine and propoxyphene. It is concluded that the(More)
Plasma pharmacokinetic variables of benazeprilat, the active metabolite of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor benazepril, were evaluated in healthy Beagles. Benazeprilat was administered IV at a dosage of 0.5 mg/kg of body weight (n = 9). The elimination of half-life of benazeprilat was 3.5 hours, although an additional terminal phase was(More)
The rates at which brain neurons synthesize and release serotonin depend in part on brain tryptophan concentrations; these, in turn, vary directly with serum (or plasma) tryptophan, and inversely with the serum concentrations of other large neutral amino acids (LNAA). Concentrations of serum tryptophan, LNAA and brain indoles were examined in samples drawn(More)
The nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug oxindanac exists as two enantiomers, with most of its pharmacological activity residing in the (S)-isomer. The behavior of its enantiomers was investigated in dogs. Bidirectional inversion occurred in heparinised plasma and blood, with a ratio of enantiomers [S:R] of 7.3:1 being achieved at equilibrium after incubation(More)