Charlotte Maddox Christensen

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This report describes the effect of different dose levels of infection upon worm burdens and development and fecundity of the parasites. Three groups each of 40, 9-week-old, helminth naive pigs were inoculated once with either 2000 (group A), 20,000 (group B), or 200,000 (group C) infective third stage larvae of Oesophagostomum dentatum. Subgroups of 5 pigs(More)
The mycotoxins diacetoxyscirpenol, deoxynivalenol, and zearalenone, produced by Fusarium roseum, were found naturally occuring in mixed feed samples. In all cases analyzed, deoxynivalenol occurred together with zearalenone. The natural occurrence of zearalenone in sesame seed is reported for the first time. Strains of F. roseum isolated in various parts of(More)
This paper describes the worm populations in pigs experimentally infected by trickle infections with different dose levels of the nodular worm, Oesophagostomum dentatum. Four groups each of 20 helminth naïve pigs, 10-12 weeks old, were inoculated with 0 (group 1), 100 (group 2), 1000 (group 3), or 10,000 (group 4) infective larvae twice weekly, and the pigs(More)
Four groups with three pigs in each group were inoculated with Oesophagostomum dentatum larvae (L3 larvae). Groups 1 and 3 were inoculated with 20,000 larvae, and Groups 2 and 4 with 200,000 larvae. On Days 11 and 34, respectively, Groups 1 and 2 and Groups 3 and 4 were slaughtered, and the contents from the large intestines collected. Subsamples of(More)
At some stages of development, it is impossible to identify the porcine nodular worms Oesophagostomum dentatum and O. quadrispinulatum to the species level using morphological parameters. A molecular approach utilizing genetic markers in the second internal transcribed spacer (ITS-2) of ribosomal (r) DNA was developed to overcome this limitation. The ITS-2(More)
The interaction between the 2 nodular worm species in the pig, Oesophagostomum dentatum (O.d.) and Oesophagostomum quadrispinulatum (O.q.), was studied by comparing the development and distribution of the species following single or mixed infections. The faecal egg excretion levels were assessed at regular intervals from week 3 post-inoculation, and(More)
To define prepatent periods of different Oesophagostomum spp. isolates we carried out two separate experiments, one using two monospecific laboratory isolates and another using laboratory isolates as well as isolates obtained from pig herds having different management systems and with different anthelmintic treatment histories. Pigs were inoculated with(More)
A trickle infection experiment was undertaken to study in detail the population dynamics of Oesophagostomum dentatum in pigs. Three groups of 32 pigs were inoculated via the feed twice weekly with 100 (Group A), 1000 (Group B) or 10,000 (Group C) O. dentatum infective larvae (L3). Five pigs from each group were killed 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, and 20 weeks after the(More)
Numbers and kinds of microflora were determined in 160 samples of barley grown in different regions of the United States; microflora were more abundant in the grains grown in the central states than in those grown in the western states. During steeping and germination in micromalting equipment, the number of colonies of filamentous fungi increased from two(More)