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PURPOSE Spontaneous venous pulsation is one of the clinical signs with which to rule out elevated intracranial pressure and papilledema. More subtle pulsatile retinal movements are difficult to observe because of eye movements. Recording a fundus movie and aligning (registering) the images helps, but the images still contain distracting microsaccadic(More)
PURPOSE Photopic negative response (PhNR) and pattern electroretinogram (PERG) are electrophysiological markers of retinal ganglion cell function; both are reduced in glaucoma. We compared PhNR and PERG in different stages of the disease. METHODS Eleven eyes with preperimetric glaucoma (glaucomatous optic disc with normal field); 18 with manifest(More)
Visual electrophysiology allows non-invasive monitoring of the function of most processing stages along the visual pathway. Here, we consider which of the available methods provides the most information concerning glaucomatous optic nerve disease. The multifocal electroretinogram (ERG), although often employed, is less affected in glaucoma than two direct(More)
In multifocal electroretinogram recordings, the stimulus array is usually scaled with eccentricity to compensate for cone density changes. The strength of this scaling is parameterized by the so-called "stretch factor" (SF). In this study, we determined the quantitative influence of the SF striving for equal response densities over the entire stimulus area.(More)
The two currently used most successful techniques for early detection of glaucoma are described. (1) The pattern electroretinogram (PERG) allows detection of incipient glaucomatous damage in eyes with ocular hypertension up to 4 years ahead of manifest glaucoma with a sensitivity and specificity of approximately 75%. This is achieved by selecting optimized(More)
PURPOSE To identify the causative mutation leading to autosomal dominant macular dystrophy, cone dystrophy, and cone-rod dystrophy in a five-generation family and to explain the high intrafamilial phenotypic variation by identifying possible modifier genes. METHODS Fifteen family members were investigated by detailed ophthalmic and electrophysiologic(More)
The multifocal electroretinogram (mfERG) allows for functional field mapping by concurrently deriving responses from a large number of retinal locations. The stimulus resolution most commonly used consists of 103 hexagonal elements. Here, we stimulated with an array of 509 elements. To determine the extent to which the multifocal ERG shows anatomical and(More)
Congenital stationary night blindness (CSNB) is a heterogeneous retinal disorder characterized by visual impairment under low light conditions. This disorder is due to a signal transmission defect from rod photoreceptors to adjacent bipolar cells in the retina. Two forms can be distinguished clinically, complete CSNB (cCSNB) or incomplete CSNB; the two(More)
PURPOSE Congenital stationary night blindness (CSNB) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous retinal disease. Although electroretinographic (ERG) measurements can discriminate clinical subgroups, the identification of the underlying genetic defects has been complicated for CSNB because of genetic heterogeneity, the uncertainty about the mode of(More)
PURPOSE To identify the mutation leading to syndromic choroideremia (CHM) in two families and to define fundus autofluorescence (FAF) in CHM carriers. METHODS The ophthalmic and clinical phenotype was investigated including FAF, neuropediatric, otorhinolaryngologic, cardiologic, and nephrologic examinations of three male patients (age, 11-46 years) and(More)