Charlotte Lovengreen

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Changes in wetland ecosystems may result from the interactions of endogenous processes with exogenous factors such as environmental fluctuations and anthropogenic influences. Since mid-2004, the Río Cruces wetland, a Ramsar site located in southern Chile (40°S), exhibited a sudden increase in mortality and emigration of the largest breeding population of(More)
The underwater light field in the Bellingshausen andAdmundsen Seas was characterised using data collectedduring the R/V Polarstern cruise ANT XI/3, from12.1.94 to 27.3.94. The euphotic zone varied from 24to 100 m depth. Spectral diffuse vertical attenuationcoefficients (K d (λ))were determined for 12narrow wavebands as well as for(More)
This study reports 5 years of (1998-2003) data on continuous solar-irradiation measurements from a scanning spectroradiometer (SUV-100) in Valdivia, Chile (39 degrees S), accompanied by evaluation of the impact of ultraviolet radiation (UVR) on marine macroalgae of this site. UVR conditions showed a strong seasonal variation, which was less pronounced(More)
Ozone and UV radiation were analyzed at eight stations from tropical to sub-Antarctic regions in South America. Ground UV irradiances were measured by multichannel radiometers as part of the Inter American Institute for Global Change Radiation network. The irradiance channels used for this study were centered at 305 nm (for UV-B measurements) and 340 nm(More)
To evaluate dose rates and daily doses (DDE) at Valdivia in Southern Chile, ultraviolet irradiances recorded every 15 min from 1998 to 2000 with a high resolution spectroradiometer were weighted with an erythemal action spectrum. Exposure times to get one MED (210 J/m2) in Summer are 10, 12, 18 and 24 min for skin types I trough IV respectively. DDE(More)
The error in irradiance measured with Sun-calibrated multichannel radiometers may be large when the solar zenith angle (SZA) increases. This could be particularly detrimental in radiometers installed at mid and high latitudes, where SZAs at noon are larger than 50 degrees during part of the year. When a multiregressive methodology, including the total ozone(More)
Ultraviolet radiation (UVR) plays a key role in several biological functions, including human health. Skin exposure to UVR is the main factor in vitamin D photoconversion. There is also evidence relating low levels of vitamin D with certain internal cancers, mainly colon, breast and prostate, as well as other diseases. Several epidemiological studies have(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate selective effects of ultraviolet (UV) irradiation on spontaneous and induced apoptosis in freshly extracted mice thymocytes. MATERIALS AND METHODS Cells were exposed to UV radiation with emission peaks of 365 nm (UVA) exposures of 1620-10200 J m(-2), of 312 nm (UVB) exposures of 34-1620 J m(-2) or of 254 nm (UVC) exposures of 1.5-1620(More)
At all seasons, the underwater light field of meso-eutrophic large (480 km2) deep (mean: 100 m) Lake Constance was studied in conjunction with the assessments of vertical distributions of phytoplankton chlorophyll concentrations. Vertical profiles of scalar, downwelling and upwelling fluxes of photosynthetically available radiation, as well as fluxes of(More)
The exposure of organisms to ultraviolet radiation (UVR) is characterized by the climatology (annual cycle) and the variance (anomalies) of biologically-weighted irradiances at eight geographical locations in austral South America, from 1995-2002. The net effect of UVR on biological systems is a result of the balance of damage and repair which depends on(More)
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