Charlotte Kristiansson

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BACKGROUND Access to affordable health care is limited in many low and middle income countries and health systems are often inequitable, providing less health services to the poor who need it most. The aim of this study was to investigate health seeking behavior and utilization of drugs in relation to household socioeconomic status for children in two small(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the health-seeking behaviour and use of antibiotics in the urban community of Yurimaguas in the Amazonian area of Peru. METHOD Cross-sectional survey of caregivers of 798 children aged 6-72 months by interview using a semi-structured questionnaire. Reported symptoms were classified as illnesses where antibiotics would or would not be(More)
In a very remote human community of the Peruvian Amazonas with minimal antibiotic exposure, high levels of acquired resistance to the oldest antibiotics (ampicillin, tetracycline, trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole, streptomycin and chloramphenicol) were detected in commensal Escherichia coli, with remarkable diversity of resistant clones and of resistance genes(More)
Our objective was to correlate antibiotic resistance in gut E. coli flora of children, aged 6-72 months, with use of antibiotics, socioeconomic status (SES) and household characteristics in the urban communities of Yurimaguas and Moyobamba in the Amazonian area of Peru. Caregivers of 1598 children were interviewed using a structured questionnaire in a(More)
Antimicrobial resistance and sulphonamide resistance determinants were studied in 20 co-trimoxazole resistant Escherichia coli in faecal samples from healthy children in Bolivia and Peru. Methods used were disc diffusion susceptibility tests, PCR, sequence analysis and plasmid conjugation assays. All isolates but one were resistant to at least two different(More)
The increase in CDRs reported for the Republic of Mauritius during the chikungunya epidemic is similar to the fi ndings reported for the neighboring island of Réunion (10). Excess deaths in Réunion and the Republic of Mauri-tius coincided with the epidemic curve of the chikungunya fever outbreak, which suggested an association between these 2 factors. No(More)
Fifty faecal samples from healthy adults were grown on MacConkey agar and three pink colonies were subcultured, identified to species level and their antimicrobial susceptibility determined. Forty-seven samples yielded 141 isolates of Escherichia coli that were susceptible to most antimicrobials. Resistance was noted for ampicillin (30.5%), chloramphenicol(More)
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