Charlotte Holm

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BACKGROUND Ever since Charles Baxter's recommendations the standard regime for burn shock resuscitation remains crystalloid infusion at a rate of 4 ml/kg/% burn in the first 24h following the thermal injury. A growing number of studies on invasive monitoring in burn shock, however, have raised a debate regarding the adequacy of this regime. The purpose of(More)
BACKGROUND Treatment of burn shock according to empirical resuscitation formulas is still considered the gold standard, and the burn community does not advocate the use of invasive cardiorespiratory monitoring in general. As a consequence, data dealing with early postburn hemodynamics are sparse, and only few studies have paid attention to the topic of(More)
Laser-induced fluorescence of indocyanine green (ICG) is a new method for evaluating skin perfusion, which is superior to conventional fluorescein angiography. In a prospective clinical study ICG fluorescence video-angiography was used for the intraoperative evaluation of skin-flap perfusion. The results of ICG imaging were compared with clinical outcome 1(More)
BACKGROUND The vascular territory of the superficial inferior epigastric artery (SIEA) remains to be clarified. The SIEA flap has traditionally been classified as a hemiabdominal flap, but recent evidence points to the fact that a sizable superficial artery is capable of supplying the entire abdominal ellipse. METHODS Twenty-five patients who met the(More)
In a prospective, clinical study, the clinical utility of indocyanine green for intraoperative monitoring of free tissue transfer was evaluated. The study comprised 20 surgical patients undergoing elective microsurgical procedures. Indocyanine green angiography was performed intraoperatively, immediately after flap inset, and the operating team was blind to(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To study the agreement between cardiac output measurements with the pulmonary artery catheter and with the transpulmonary thermodilution technique in patients with burns. DESIGN Prospective, clinical study. PATIENTS 23 patients with serious burns and an abbreviated burn severity index score (ABSI)>6. SETTING intensive care unit for(More)
INTRODUCTION Hyperglycaemia and insulin resistance are common in severely burned patients, even if they have not previously had diabetes. Conventionally, hyperglycaemia is considered a part of the hypermetabolic stress response and blood glucose levels up to 215 mg/dl are tolerated before insulin therapy is initiated. Recent studies suggest that(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE Arterial thermal dilution with an integrated fiberoptic monitoring system (COLD Z-021; Pulsion Medical Systems; Munich, Germany) allows measurement of extravascular lung water (EVLW) and pulmonary permeability index (PPI). The aim of this study was to evaluate the widespread clinical assumption that early respiratory failure following burn(More)
Toxic shock syndrome (TSS) is a rapidly developing disease, which may be lethal if not recognized and treated early. TSS unrelated to menstruation comprises an increasing proportion of the cases reported to the Centers for Disease Control during recent years, and a review of the literature reveals that TSS has is reported with increasing frequency in(More)
Resuscitation from shock based on invasive hemodynamic monitoring has been widely used in trauma and surgical patients, but has been only sparsely evaluated in thermally injured patients, probably due to fear of invasive monitoring in this group of patients. However, end-point resuscitation to fixed circulatory and oxygen transport values has been proposed(More)