Charlotte Hirschmann-Jax

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A subset of stem cells, termed the "side population" (SP), has been identified in several tissues in mammalian species. These cells maintain a high efflux capability for antimitotic drugs. We have investigated whether functionally equivalent stem cells also may be detected in human cancers. We initially examined primary tumor cells from 23 patients with(More)
Stem cells have an extensive capacity to proliferate, differentiate and self-renew. In many mammals, including humans, an adult stem cell subpopulation termed the "side population" (SP) has been identified. SP cells can rapidly efflux lipophilic fluorescent dyes to produce a characteristic profile based on fluorescence-activated flow cytometric analysis.(More)
In murine models, transgenic chemokine-cytokine tumor vaccines overcome many of the limitations of single-agent immunotherapy by producing the sequence of T-cell attraction followed by proliferation. The safety and immunologic effects of this approach in humans were tested in 21 patients with relapsed or refractory neuroblastoma. They received up to 8(More)
Analyzing the regenerative compartment in the blast cell population of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) may yield important insights into the mechanisms of disease progression. Here we present findings with a human AML cell line (AML-SP1), initiated from leukemic precursor cells and consecutively propagated by serial xenotransplantation in vivo.(More)
Attempts to generate an anticancer immune response in vivo in patients with cancer have taken several forms. Although to date there have been relatively few published studies describing the effects of the approach in hematologic malignancy, that circumstance is expected to change rapidly during the next few years. In solid tumors, it is not known which, if(More)
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