Charlotte Gibb

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Patients with migraine who believed that red wine but not alcohol in general had a headache-provoking effect on them were challenged either with red wine or with a vodka and diluent mixture of equivalent alcohol content, both consumed cold out of dark bottles to disguise colour and flavour. The red wine, which had a negligible tyramine content, provoked a(More)
1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) administration causes a Parkinson's disease like syndrome in man and primates, with selective degeneration of the substantia nigra. This discovery has raised the possibility that some environmental or endogenous toxin causes idiopathic Parkinson's disease. MPTP is oxidised to its neurotoxic metabolite,(More)
Several natural and synthetic food and drink constituents were tested in vitro for their inhibitory actions on phenolsulphotransferase P and M (PST P, PST M) and monoamine oxidase A and B (MAO A, MAO B). Cyanidin 3-rutinoside, a simple anthocyanin, (+)-catechin, a flavanol, and carmoisine, a synthetic food colorant, were found to be particularly potent,(More)
A significantly higher proportion of patients with headache showed scores in the psychopathological range of the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) compared with controls, with ratings particularly high on the anxiety and depression subscales. Across the whole group, there was a significant negative correlation between platelet monoamine oxidase (MAO)(More)
1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) is oxidised to a neurotoxic metabolite by monoamine oxidase B (MAO B). Using two colorimetric assays, we have examined a range of its structural analogues as possible further substrates of this enzyme in order to identify the types of environmental or endogenous compounds that might also be neurotoxic.(More)
Four groups of 13-14-year-olds, classified on the basis of Raven's Progressive Matrices scores as intellectually above average, average, below average and retarded, were subjects in a Sternberg (1966) type memory scanning task in which memory sets of two, three and four letters were used. Slope values of the memory search function did not differ between(More)
MPTP is oxidized to its toxic metabolite MPP+ by MAO B in both primate and rodent brains and this reaction can be inhibited by (-)-deprenyl. MPTP can also act as an inhibitor of both MAO A and B. There is some evidence that MAO B is localized predominantly in glia, and this would explain why dopamine uptake blockers also can prevent MPTP toxicity. The(More)
Patients with migraine who believed that chocolate could provoke their attacks were challenged with either chocolate or a closely matching placebo. In a double-blind parallel group study, chocolate ingestion was followed by a typical migraine episode in 5 out of 12 patients, while none of the 8 patients challenged with placebo had an attack (p = 0.051). The(More)