Charlotte Franco

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Reduction of amylin content and secretion in rat islets was attempted by transduction with an adenovirus bearing a 0.2-kb fragment of rat amylin cDNA inserted in the antisense orientation (AdCMV-alpha amylin). Exposure of islets to AdCMV-alpha amylin at a multiplicity of infection (moi) of 200 (1.2 x 10(7) pfu/ml) reduced amylin mRNA levels by 37 +/- 5% (p(More)
Among the abnormalities in erythrocyte porphyrin metabolism already described in patients with chronic renal failure on hemodialysis, a decrease in blood aminolevulinate dehydratase activity has been reported, suggesting the presence in uremic plasma of an inhibitor of the enzyme. The aim of this work has been to isolate and characterize such an inhibitor.(More)
Human pancreatic islets were cultured for 63 hr at 2.8 or 16.7 mM D-glucose in the absence or presence of dexamethasone. In the 1.0 to 10 microM range, dexamethasone caused a concentration-related decrease in the FAD (flavin adenine dinucleotide)-linked mitochondrial glycerophosphate dehydrogenase (mGDH) mRNA content of the islets, and decreased both the(More)
Generalized epilepsy with febrile seizures plus (GEFS+) is an inherited epileptic syndrome with a marked clinical and genetic heterogeneity. Here we report the molecular characterization of a large pedigree with a severe clinical form of GEFS+. Genetic linkage analysis implied the involvement of the FEB3 in the disease phenotype of this family (parametric(More)
Inherited neurodegenerative diseases such as Friedreich's ataxia (FRDA), produced by deficiency of the mitochondrial chaperone frataxin (Fxn), shows specific neurological deficits involving different subset of neurons even though deficiency of Fxn is ubiquitous. Because astrocytes are involved in neurodegeneration, we analyzed whether they are also affected(More)
The dominantly inherited Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia cancer syndrome type 2B (MEN2B) is characterized by the presence of medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC), phaechromocytoma (PHAEO), mucosal neuromas, ganglioneuromas of the intestinal tract, skeletal and ophthalmic abnormalities. MEN2B has been associated with a specific point mutation in the tyrosine(More)
The cDNA fragments coding for the FAD-, glycerophosphate- and calcium-binding domains of mitochondrial glycerophosphate dehydrogenase (mGDH) were synthetized using RNA extracted from freshly isolated pancreatic islets of a normal subject and two-non-insulin-dependent diabetic patients. Single strand conformation polymorphism analysis of the PCR products(More)
COS-7 cells were transfected with the green fluorescent protein (GFP) of Aequorea victoria, human mitochondrial FAD-linked glycerophosphate dehydrogenase (mGDH), a mGDHwt-EGFP construct, or two mutant mGDH-proteins fused with EGFP. The site of mutation was selected to affect cationic amino acids in the peptide signal sequence currently believed to play a(More)
The Ca(2+)-sensitive and mitochondrial enzyme FAD-linked glycerophosphate dehydrogenase (m-GDH) represents an essential component of the pancreatic B-cell glucose-sensing device. This report deals with the first identified case of mutation in the calcium-binding domain of the m-GDH gene in a patient with type-2 diabetes and his glucose-intolerant half(More)