Charlotte Emma Dyer

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A glass microfluidic device has been functionalized with photoactive porphyrins for performing reactions which are mediated by singlet molecular oxygen. The resulting device was used to investigate the photochemical oxidation of cholesterol, α-terpinene, and citronellol under flow conditions, and the results were compared with similar batch reactions.
Telomerase is expressed in approximately 90% of breast cancers but not in normal somatic cells. The catalytic subunit of telomerase, human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT), is a widely expressed tumour-associated antigen against which specific cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) responses have been identified. Human CD8+ CTL have been shown to recognise(More)
A microfluidic device has been developed to maintain viable heart tissue samples in a biomimetic microenvironment. This device allows rat or human heart tissue to be studied under pseudo in vivo conditions. Effluent levels of lactate dehydrogenase and hydrogen peroxide were used as markers of damaged tissue in combination with in situ electrochemical(More)
A microfluidic based experimental methodology has been developed that offers a biomimetic microenvironment in which pseudo in vivo tissue studies can be carried out under in vitro conditions. Using this innovative technique, which utilizes the inherent advantages of microfluidic technology, liver tissue has been kept in a viable and functional state for(More)
A microwave heating system is described for performing polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in a microfluidic device. The heating system, in combination with air impingement cooling, provided rapid thermal cycling with heating and cooling rates of up to 65 degrees C s(-1) and minimal over- or under-shoot (+/-0.1 degrees C) when reaching target temperatures. In(More)
Integrated DNA extraction and amplification have been carried out in a microfluidic device using electro-osmotic pumping (EOP) for fluidic control. All the necessary reagents for performing both DNA extraction and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification were pre-loaded into the microfluidic device following encapsulation in agarose gel. Buccal cells(More)
A silica monolith used to support both electro-osmotic pumping (EOP) and the extraction/elution of DNA coupled with gel-supported reagents is described. The benefits of the combined EOP extraction/elution system were illustrated by combining DNA extraction and gene amplification using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) process. All the reagents necessary(More)
Tumors are heterogeneous masses of cells characterized pathologically by their size and spread. Their chaotic biology makes treatment of malignancies hard to generalize. We present a robust and reproducible glass microfluidic system, for the maintenance and “interrogation” of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) tumor biopsies, which enables(More)
AIMS The association between tissue factor (TF) expression and increased rate of tumour metastasis is well established. In this study, we have examined the hypothesis that the expression of TF by disseminated tumour cells confers protection against immune recognition and cytotoxicity. MATERIALS AND METHODS A hybrid EGFP-TF protein was expressed in HT29(More)
DNA extraction was carried out on silica-based monoliths within a microfluidic device. Solid-phase DNA extraction methodology was applied in which the DNA binds to silica in the presence of a chaotropic salt, such as guanidine hydrochloride, and is eluted in a low ionic strength solution, such as water. The addition of poly-A carrier RNA to the chaotropic(More)