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The quality of Internet information needs to be evaluated and several tools exist for this purpose. However, none have demonstrated reliability and validity. This study tested the internal consistency and validity of the information quality tool (IQT), quality scale (QS) and DISCERN using 89 web sites discussing smoking cessation. The inter-rater(More)
CONTEXT Research has found that clinical assessments do not always accurately reflect medical student performance. Barriers to failing underperformance in students have been identified in other vocational settings. Is 'failure to fail' an issue for medical educators in the UK, and, if so, what are its determinants? METHODS We carried out a qualitative(More)
A critical review of the literature was carried out in the United Kingdom to identify the information needs and information-seeking behaviors of men with prostate cancer and their partners. Relevant papers published between 1990 and 2000 were reviewed and despite having several methodologic limitations, a number of conclusions can still be drawn from this(More)
INTRODUCTION There is little research identifying medical students' attitudes towards communication skills learning. This pilot study outlines the development of a new scale to measure attitudes towards communication skills learning. METHODS First- and second-year medical students (n = 490) completed the 26-item Communication Skills Attitude Scale (CSAS)(More)
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES To explore the information-seeking behaviors of women with breast cancer. DESIGN Sequential, between-methods triangulation. SETTING Community-based. SAMPLE 156 women with breast cancer took part in a mailed survey, and 30 women with breast cancer participated in three focus group discussions (n = 11, 12, and 7). METHODS Women with(More)
INTRODUCTION The General Medical Council (GMC) has stressed the importance of medical students' attitudes towards learning. However, few studies have explored medical students' attitudes towards communication skills learning. This study explores the relationship between the attitudes of medical students at two different schools and their demographic and(More)
BACKGROUND Educators across the world are charged with the responsibility of producing core learning outcomes for medical curricula. However, much educational theory exists which deliberates the value of learning outcomes in education. AIMS This paper aims to discuss the problems surrounding outcomes-based curricula in medical education, using insights(More)
Active and sensitively managed patient involvement in medical education is vital in the drive toward the development of tomorrow's doctors' patient-centered professionalism. Bedside teaching encounters (BTE) involve clinicians, medical students, and patients, and comprise a formative and focused activity through which students learn both the "whats" and(More)
INTRODUCTION Some educators have argued that portfolios should not be assessed summatively because there is little evidence supporting the reliability of their assessment. This study aims to determine the reliability of assessment criteria used for a portfolio at the University of Nottingham. METHODS Two independent analysts assessed a random sample of(More)
This study evaluated 31 patient information leaflets (PILs) discussing treatment options for prostate cancer. In stage one, the authors evaluated the leaflets' quality, readability and suitability using objective measures: the DISCERN instrument; Flesch formula; and the Suitability Assessment of Materials (SAM) instrument, respectively. Although the(More)