Charlotte Depuydt

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We evaluated the effects of combined conventional treatment, oral antioxidants (N-acetyl-cysteine or vitamins A plus E) and essential fatty acids (FA) on sperm biology in an open prospective study including 27 infertile men. The evaluation included sperm characteristics, seminal reactive oxygen species (ROS), FA of sperm membrane phospholipids, sperm(More)
Inhibin B is a marker of spermatogenesis and Sertoli cell function. The objective of this study was to evaluate the biologic significance of inhibins in subfertile men and the usefulness of inhibin B for the detection of male reproductive dysfunction. Forty-seven subfertile men were evaluated by semen analysis and clinical examination. In addition to semen(More)
In recent years, the use and abuse of statistics in the medical literature has extensively been reviewed. Amongst others, the importance of the P-value has been challenged and the use of misleading graphics, including 3-dimensional displays, has been criticized. The ease of access to more complex statistical procedures, since the introduction of several(More)
The presence of various cytokines, namely hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1 RA), and interleukins (IL-1 alpha, IL-6, and IL-8), as well as the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) was investigated in seminal plasma of fertile and infertile patients in order to evaluate the possible value of measuring these(More)
The lipid composition of the sperm membrane has a significant effect upon the functional characteristics of spermatozoa. In the present study we investigated the fatty acid (FA) composition of subpopulations of spermatozoa separated on a discontinuous Percoll gradient (47:90%) and the FA composition of phospholipids (PL) of sperm heads and tails in both(More)
There are several mechanisms acting in synergism that can impair sperm characteristics of patients with accessory gland infection. In some cases, conventional sperm variables are disturbed with oligo and/or asthenozoospermia. In other patients, these sperm variables may appear normal, but the functional capacity of spermatozoa may be impaired. In(More)
The presence of 2 million or more peroxidase-positive white blood cells per ml of semen, or the diagnosis of male accessory gland infection, is associated with important biochemical and biological changes in semen plasma and in the spermatozoa, reducing their fertilizing potential in vitro and in vivo (e.g., during intra-uterine insemination). In addition(More)
Measurement of alpha-glucosidase (alpha-GLUC) activity by means of a simple colorimetric test using a commercial kit (EpiScreen; FertiPro, Lotenhulle, Belgium) yielded results that were strongly correlated with the values obtained for the neutral iso-enzyme measured by a fluorimetric reference method (r=0.85, P=0.003, n=13). The former method was(More)
The lipid composition of the sperm membrane has been shown to exert a significant effect upon the functional quality of spermatozoa. We have studied the effect of induced peroxidation and of the presence of polymorphonuclear white blood cells (WBCs) on the fatty acid composition of the phospholipids of human spermatozoa. The spermatozoa were fractionated by(More)
The influences of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), gonadal steroids, and culture time were studied in relation to inhibin B production by Sertoli cells of immature rats cultured in vitro. Sertoli cell-enriched cultures were established from 18-day-old rats and were maintained in medium supplemented with insulin, transferrin, and epidermal growth factor(More)